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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
chinese communist party
communist party in china founder of the modern china
only party left in mainland china
socialism
economy ruled centrally by government
first five year plan
plan to improve industry and agriculture based on the soviet method
national people's congress
china's delegates and rulers
anti-rightist campaign
led by CCP against the Hundred Flowers Campaign after people’s government criticism got out of hand.
Industrialization
balancing out industries and agriculture to centralize the government and improve economy
North Korea
President – Kim Il-Sung; backed by communist forces - China and Soviet Union
South Korea
President – Syngman Rhee; backed by capitalist forces – US, UK , UN
United States
objective: spread capitalism; main force in Korean Conflict/ sent aid to SK to prevent invasion by
United Kingdom
supported South Korea
United Nations
provided aid to prevent invasion of South Korea by North Korea
Soviet Union
communist; led by Russian leader Joseph Stalin. signed a treaty with China leading to the Five Year Plan. When President Mikhail Gorbachev was scheduled to arrive in China ; students took advantage of the media coverage and protested in the square. The events there opened the eyes of the international world
North Korean Communist Party
North Korean Communist Party
Chiang Kai-shek
1887–1975) Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925; attempted to eradicate the Chinese Communists but failed, forcing his government to retreat to Taiwan where he served as President of Taiwan
Capitalism
An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market.
Hundred Flowers Campaign
1956-1957)- lead to Great Leap Forward- suppose to allow ideas of-people to be spoken out/ Mao promoted socialism through this/ Mao stopped campaign à more hate for the intellectual population; campaign run by CCP to encourage participation of the people in government (critics).
Great Leap Famine (1959-1961)
30 million died from poor economic planning
Cultural Revolution (1966
initiated by Mao to eliminate counterrevolutionary of a bureaucratized soviet style of communism/ came after Great Leap Forward
Commune
a system of social and economic organization involving common ownership of resources
Collectivization
area organized as an unit managed and worked cooperatively by a group of laborers under state supervision
Centralization
methods, sales and prices dictated by Central government
Marxism
political and economic philosophy in which concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society’s development from bourgeois à socialist and ultimately classless society
Mass production
one commodity (steel) of large-scale manufacturing/ mass labor à mass productions
4 modernizations
proposed by Zhou, adopted by Deng, goal is to strengthen: agriculture/industry/technology/defense
Egalitarianism
the doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality
Hong Kong (Territory acquired by China ) acquisition by China
Happened during the Ching dynasty (960-1279), where there was a great migration of Chinese to Hong Kong ; ceded to British in 1842; Ceded under the treaty of Nanking . Result of China losing the Opium War to the British.
British East India Company
1699-British went to China (1st successful venture), developing trade with Hong Kong
Martial law
Temporary rule by military authorities, imposed on a civilian population especially in times of war or when civil authority has broken down. Issued by the government during the Tiananmen Square protests, but the military’s progress into the square was blocked by civilians.
Goddess of Democracy
It was built by the student protestors and was based on the United States ’ Statue Of Liberty. This symbol showed westerners that students were protesting for a similar government to the western democracy. It was destroyed when a tank from the Liberation Army ran it over
Hunger Strikes
they were organized by student leader Chai Ling. Students went on hunger strikes at Tiananmen Square . Some students died of hunger, and the strikes demonstrated the perseverance and persistence of the protestors
Treaties of Tianjin
opened 11 more ports to British merchants, permitted missionary work, foreign legislation, and legalized opium
Treaty of Nanjing
ended first Opium War, opened Chinese ports to British and concedes Hong Kong to British rule
Opium War
war over right to smuggle opium that was made illegal in China in 1839; opium legality and Chinese legislation of British Merchants (1839-1843) (No author A 1) (1856-1860) (No author A 1). 1842 (Treaty of Nanking) (East India Company trade of Opium started) Since China lost Opium war, happened after British kept selling Opium to Hong Kong when it was prohibited. British won and took Hong Kong.
The Four Olds
Old ideas, Old Culture, Old customs, Old Habit. What the CCP was fighting against; any trace of capitalist thought
Nationalism
pride in ones nation, land or way of life. The CCP fought against the Chinese nationalists who wished to preserve the Four Olds.