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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the Mandate of Heaven?
belief that Chinese rulers were divinely chosen, but must be just during their rule
Where did the Shang Dynasty exist?
northern China along Huang He Valley
What is KAMI?
nature spirits; associated with Shinto
Official state religion of Japan, stresses the importance of nature
What is Shintoism?
Who was the founder of Taoism?
Lao tzu
What is Yin-Yang?
competing, complementary forces of nature
What are the main beliefs of Confucianism?
humans are good
code of politeness
emphasis on education
respect
Which two religions were introduced to Japan from China?
Buddhism and Confucianism
What country had the greatest impact on the development of Japan and Korea?
China
What are the main teachings of Taoism?
humility, simple life, harmony with nature
What is the Silk Road?
routes of trade between the Med. basin and Asia
What book contained the teachings of Confucius?
Analects
What contributions/advancements were made by China?
silk, porcelain, printing, civil service
What was the purpose of the Great Wall of China?
offered protection from northern invaders
According to Confucius, what is the most important relationship?
family
Which emperor was responsible for construction of the Great Wall of China?
Shi Huangti
Identify the religion associated with ancestor worship
Confucianism
Identify the religion associated with why people suffer
Buddhism
Identify the religion associated with the caste system
Hinduism
Identify the religion associated with code of politeness
Confucianism
Identify the religion associated with Nirvana
Buddhism
Identify the religion associated with Four Noble Truths
Buddhism
Identify the religion associated with the Vedas and Upanishads
Hinduism
Identify the religion associated with Asoka's missionaries spreading it
Buddhism
Identify the religion associated with the Aryans
Hinduism
Identify the religion associated with Siddhartha
Buddhism
What effect did Shintoism and Confucianism have on the power of Japan's emperor?
it strengthened his role
What country developed one of the first civil services?
China
Identify the religion associated with belief in many forms of the same deity, Brahma
Hinduism
How were Shang government and religion related?
the government and religion were closely tied and centralized
Which civilization created paper and printing?
China
Civilization that controlled most of Asia and destroyed numerous cities and the countryside
Mongols
archipelago
large chain of islands
missionary
someone who attempts to spread religion or convert non-believers
divine
being related to or associated with the gods
porcelain
hard white ceramic material
ancestor
a person from whom one is descended
humility
the quality of being humble
proximate
closeness
magnetic compass
Chinese invention that made sea navigation easier
Silk Road
series of routes that connected Asia with the Mediterranean basin
What two "religions" spread from China to Japan?
Confucianism and Taoism
What effect did Confucianism have on the power of governments in China and Japan?
it strengthened governments
Kami
State religion
nature is important
The above describe which religion?
Shinto
What are the five relationships according to Confucius?
ruler: subject
parent: child
friend: friend
husband: wife
sibling: sibling
Chinese civil servants had to take exams that tested their knowledge of what?
Confucianism (mostly)