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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
loess
Fine yellow soil that is easily carried by the wind and rain.
Levee
A wall built alond a river bank to prevent flooding
Erosion
gradual wearing away of soil and rock by wind, glaciers or water
famine
widespread lack of food resulting in hunger and starvation
Steppe
A dry grassy, treeless plain found in Asia.
Huang River
Also known as the Yellow River. A river that flows from the Tibetan plateau across northern China and into the Yellow Sea
North China Plain
A large lowland region of eastern China that is watered by the Huang River, birthplace of Chinese civilization.
dynasty
A line of rulers who belong to one family
Noble
a member of a ruling family or one of high rank
Oracle bones
a cattle or sheep bone used to predict the future
Fu Hao
chinese king's wife who led troops to war. Her tomb contained records of her life and times...also called Lady Hao
Oracle
Person who can predict the future
Anyang
Ancient chinese capital of the Shang dynasty
Emperor
Supreme ruler of an empire
Province
A divisiion of land within an empire or country
Shihuangdi
Chinese emperor who founded the Qin dynasty and unified China with a standardized system of writing and money...famous clay army in his tomb.
Qin
Ancient province in northern China that rose to power under Shihuangidi
Qinling Mountains
A mountain range in north-Central China
Xianyang
Capital city of the Qin dynasty during the rule of Shihuangdi
Great Wall of China
long defensive wall extending 1,500 miles through northern China...built between 1,300 and 1,600 AD
Confucianism
The teachings of Confuscius..rules for social and moral behavior.
Mandate of Heaven
belief that Chinese emperor's right to rule came from the Gods
Grand School
A school begun by Confucian scholars in China that trained students for government jobs.
Seismograph
an earthquake detecting machine
Han Gaozu
A farmer turned general who overthrew the Qin dynasty ...founded the Han dynasty.
Conffucius
chinese philosopher...stressed the need to respect tradition...teachings discussed right and wrong use of power.
Wudi
emperor who ruled China set up a system that prepared students for government jobs