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14 Cards in this Set

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Nativists
who believe that behaviour patterns are inborn.
Empiricists
who believe that behaviour is learned.
cross-cultural studies
compare the same aspect of behaviour (in this case smiling during the first year of life), in totally different societies.
Psychology
is the study of behaviour, mind and thought. It is largely concerned with humans, Psychology is commonly defined as: "the science of behaviour and mental processes".
Physiological
the science that studies the function of the body and the vital processes of living things,the science that studies the function of the body and the vital processes of living things,
Imprinting
refers to an inbuilt tendency for a young animal to follow a moving object with which it forms an attachment.
inborn behaviour patterns,
such as following, clinging, sucking, smiling and crying,
attachment behaviour
such as following, clinging, sucking, smiling and crying,
attachment behaviour
the tendency for the infant to seek the closeness or proximity of certain others and feel more secure in their presence. It
Attachment
is the child’s enduring tendency to prefer a particular person
attachment behaviours
are the specific behaviours which the child displays in order to maintain their proximity to this particular person.
object permanence
is the ability for the child to realise that something/someone is still there even when they can not see it.
Problems involved in Cross-cultural Studies
They are very expensive to conduct.

• It is difficult to ensure that the same variable is being studied in each of the cultures.
Major Disadvantage of Animal Studies
We can never be sure that research into the causes of animal behaviour are applicable to humans. It is often far too tempting to generalise the findings from animal studies to human beings.