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15 Cards in this Set

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What are the parts of a theory?
Describe
Explain
Predict
continuous development
a process of gradually augmenting the same types of skills that were there to begin with
discontinuous development
a process in which new ways of understanding and responding to the world emerge at specific times
stages
qualitative changes in thinking feeling, and behaving that characterize specific periods of development
contexts
uniwue combinations of personal and environmental circumstances that can result in different paths of change
resilience
the ability to adapt effectively in the face of threats to development
medieval times
characterized by children being both percieved as innocents close to angels and posessed by demons need to be purified
the reformation
Puritan belief spread of original sin. children were born evil and hada to be civilized
john locke
a leading british philosopher that served as a forerunner of 20th century perspective: behaviorism and the tabula rasa. championed nurture and continuous development.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
children as nobel savages: naturally endowed w/ a sense of right and wrong and an innate plan for orderly healthy growth
maturation
refers to a genetically determined, naturally unfolding course of growth developed by rousseau who also developed the concept of stages
normative approach
mwasures of behavior are taken on large numbers of individuals, and age related averages are computed to represent typical development
psychoanalytical perspective
children move through a series pf stages in which they confront conflicts bewteen biological drives and social expectations. The way these conflicts are resolved determines the ability to learn, get along with others, and to cope w/ anxiety.
psychosexual theory
emphasizes that how parents manage their child's sexual and agressive drives in the first few years of life is crucial for healthy personality development
freud's psychosexual stages
oral
anal
phallic
latency
genital