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12 Cards in this Set

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Origional Sin View
It was advocated in the middle-ages. Children were percieved as being basically bad; they were born into a world of evil beings.
Tabula Rasa View
*Proposed by John Locke*
He argued that children were not innately bad but, instead, they were like a "blank tablet". He believed that childhood experiences are important in determining adult characteristics. He advised parents to spend time with their children and help them become contributing members of society.
Innate Goodness View
*Proposed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau*
He stressed that children are inherently good. Because children are basically good, they should be permitted to grow naturally with little parental monitoring or constraint.
Genetic Epistemology
*Baldwin*
It is the study of how childrens knowledge changes over the course of their development.
Biological processes
This produces changes in an individuals body. Genes inherited from parents, the development of the brain, height and weight gains, motor skills and the hormonal changes of puberty all reflect the role of biological processes in development.
Cognitive processes
This refers to changes in an individuals thought, intelligence and language.
Socialemotional processes
This involves changes in an individuals relationships with other peopl, changes in emotions and changes in personality.
Prenatal period
The period of time from conception to birth. It is usually about 9 months long.
Infancy
This is the development period that extends from birth-18/24 months.
-Children are extremely dependent on adults.
-Psychological activities begin..language, symbolic thought, sensorimotor coordination and social learning.
Early Childhood
This is the period that extends from the end of infancy to about 5-6 years old.
-Children become more self-sufficient and care for themseleves.
-They develop school readiness skills.
-They spend many hours in play with peers.
Middle and Late Childhood
The developmental period extends from about 6-11 years old.
-Master the fundamental skills of reading, writing and arithmetic.
-They are formally exposed to the larger world and its culture.
-Achievement becomes a more central theme of a childs world.
-Self-control increases.
Adolescence
This is the developmental period of transition from childhood to early adulthood 10-12 yrs--18-22 yrs.
-Rapid physical changes..dramatic gains in height and weight, changes in the body contour and the development of sexual characteristics.
-Pursuit of independence and identity are prominent.
-Thought is more logical, abstract and idealistic.
-More time is spent outside of the family during this period.