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26 Cards in this Set

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A dying patient has a gradually increased depth of respiration, followed by a decreased depth of respiration, followed by apnea. This pattern of respiration is known as
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
___________ is the sound commonly percussed over the lung field of a patient with COPD.
hyperresonance
A patient has a significant indentation of the sterum above the xiphoid process. This condition is known as ______________.
pectus carinatum
A crinkly sensation palpated on the chest is known as ___________ and indicates air in the subcutaneous tissue.
crepitus
An accumulation of air in the pleural space causes a _______________.
pneumothorax
The technician hears a rubbing or grating sound when auscultating the chest. This is documented as _____________.
friction rub
The ____________ is at the base of the xiphoid process where the ribs separate.
costal angle
_________ describes alveoli that are collapsed, shrunken, and airless.
atelectasis
A vibration sensation palpated over the chest while the patient speaks is known as ______________.
fremitus
A prominent sternal protusion noted on a patient is referred to as _______________.
pectus excavatum
A patient who has _______ complains of dyspnea while lying down.
orthopnea
The expected sound over most of the lund field is referred to as ______________.
vesicular
A dying patient has a gradually increased depth of respiration, followed by a decreased depth of respiration, followed by apnea. This pattern of respiration is known as _______________.
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
The patient coughs up blood. This is documented as _________.
hemoptysis
The manubriosternal junction is also referred to as the __________.
angle of Louis
An accumulation of excess nonpurulent fluid in the pleural space is known as _____________.
pleural effusion
A patient with _________ becomes more dyspneic when in an upright posture.
platypnea
high-pitched crackles are referred to as __________.
sibilant
A breath sound in which the inspiration is as long as the expiration is referred to as __________.
bronchovesicular
A patient with _______________ has ribs that are more horizontal than normal.
barrel chest
Deep rapid breathing describes _______________.
Kussmaul respiration
A breath sound auscultated over the trachea is referred to as _______________.
bronchial
_________ is characterized by an "eee" sound heard through a stethoscope while auscultating the chest for vocal sounds.
egophony
___________ is the type of breathing one would expect to observe in a patient with an acute rib fracture.
hypopnea
Low-pitched crackles are referred to as _____________.
sonorous
The technician observes the patient taking several short breaths followed by ong, irregular periods of apnea. This is documented as _______________.
Fiot's respiration