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19 Cards in this Set

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Volume
the space occupied by an object
Mass
a measure of the amount of matter
Density
a ratio that compares the mass of an object to its volume
Solution
mixture that has liquids, gases, and solids
Solute
substance dissolved in a solution
Solvent
dissolves a solute to form a solution
Mixture
blend of two or more pure substances
Gas
flows to conform to the shape of its container fills entire volume
Liquid
form of matter that flows, has constant volume, and takes the shape of container
Solid
matter that has own definate shape and volume expands only slightly when heated
State of Matter
physical forms in which all matter naturally exists on earth
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Heterogeneous VS. Homogeneous
Heterogeneous is visible by the naked eye or tests positive with Tyndall effect. Where as homogeneous is evenly mixed.
Solutions VS. Colloids
A solution(smallest size particle) tests negative with Tyndall effect. Colloids test positive.
Suspensions VS. Colloids
A suspensions is seen by the naked eye. Colloid tests positive with Tyndall effect.
Tyndall Effect
scattering of light by solloidal particles.
Mixture VS. Pure Substance
In a pure substance there are compounds and elements. Mixtures divide up into homogeneous and heterogeneous categories.
Atoms VS. Molecule
Molecule is a group of atoms. An atom is the smallest particle.
Element VS. Compound
An element has one kind of atom. A compound has two or more different atoms.