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29 Cards in this Set

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charles' law
the volume of a gas at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature
molar volume
the volume of one mole of a substance at STP
pressure
the force exerted per unit area
solvent
material dissolving the solute
solute
the material dissolved in a solution
hydrate
a solid compound that contains a definite percentage of bound water.
entropy
measure of randomness and disorder of a system
exothermic
releases heat
concentration
ratio of solute to solvent
solution
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.
kinetic theory
the theory that explains the behavior of gases at the molecular level
ionization
the amount of energy needed to remove an electron from a specific atom or ion in its ground state in the gas phase
Boyle's law
the volume of a gaas at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the pressure
Neutralization
between an acid and hydroxide base in which H+ and OH- react to form water
pH
the negative logarithm of the hydronium ion concentration of an aqueous solution
precipitate
An insoluble solid formed by mixing in solution the constituent ions of a slightly soluble solution.
ideal gas
a model that effectively describes the behavior of real gases at conditions close to standard temperature and pressure.
molarity
concentration unit
STP
standard temperature and pressure
solubility
maximum amount of chemical that will dissolve
polar bond
bond in which the bonding electrons are more strongly atracted by one of the bonding atoms
soluble
can be dissolved in a solvent
aqueous solution
liquid solution
boiling point
point in which a liquid will boil
van der waals
An equation of state that extends the ideal gas law to real gases by inclusion of two empirically determined parameters, which are different for different gases.
absolute zero
the point in which nothing moves because it is completely frozen
hydronium ion
hydrogen ion covalently bonded to a water molecule
titration
analytical procedure used to determine the concentration of a sample by reactiong it with a standard solution
mole
fundimental SI unit used to measure the amount of substance