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46 Cards in this Set

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stock system naming
normally between a positive ion (metal) and a negative ion (non-metal)
*formula always starts with a metal
greek system naming
molecular compounds with prefixes
1-mono 5-penta
2-di 6-hexa
3-tri 7-hepta
4-tetra 8-octa
FeSO4
Iron (II) Sulfate
sodium phosphate
Na3PO4
PBr5
Phosphorus Pentabromide
ionic bond
metal/non-metal or polyatomic ions with strong bonds b/c of opposite charges
covalent bond
all non-metals; being the weaker bonds
hydrogen bond
an attraction b/t molecules that have H-O, H-N, or H-F bonds b/c O,N, and F are most electronegative
metallic bond
metals from the same element; strongest of all bonds-delocalized-high electronegativity w/ a luster and is malleable
linear geometry
2 shared pairs
0 unshared pairs
180 degrees
trigonal planar geometry
3 shared pairs
0 unshared pairs
120 degrees
tetrahedral geometry
4 shared pairs
0 unshared pairs
109.5 degrees
bent geometry
2 shared pairs
2 unshared pairs
104.5 degrees
trigonal pyramidal geometry
3 shared pairs
1 unshared pair
107.3 degrees
trigonal bipyramidal geometry
5 shared pairs
0 unshared pairs
90 degrees and 120 degrees
ocathedral geometry
6 shared pairs
0 unshared pairs
90 degrees
grams
g
moles
mol
alkanes
2n+2 (n=#c)
1-meth 6-hex
2-eth 7-hept
3-prop 8-oct
4-but 9-non
5-pent 10-dec
alkenes
CnH2n -- double bonded
alkyne
triple bonded
*ethyne
alcohol
Cn H2n+1 OH
*pentanol
carboxylic acid
R-COOH
*nonanoic acid
ketone
double bonded oxygen off a carbon
* 3-hexanone
ether
either or - an oxygen in the middle of a set of carbons
amine
R-NH2 off a carbon
*ethyl amine
methyl
CH3
ethyl
CH2CH3
propyl
CH2CH2CH3
Cl
chloro
Br
bromo
saturated
fat
unsaturated
fat
polarity
if you get a mirror image down a cut bonds...then it is polar...if not it is non-polar
mole
si unit for amount
organic chemistry
the study of compounds containing carbon
organic compounds are?
non-polar because the C and H have a small electronegativity difference
diamond
carbon allotropes
-hard substance..used to make sharp cutting tools, such as drilling for oil-beautiful gemstone
graphite
works as an excellent lubricant
buckey
c60-named after an architect, not the scientists who discovered it
single displacement reaction
element+compound=new element+new compound
*the two similiar elements switch places
double displacement reaction
cmpd+cmpd=new cmpd+new cmpd
outside pair...inside pair
decomposition reaction
cmpd= cmpd broken down into 2 or more elements (cmpd)
sythesis Reaction
2 or more substance that forma new compound...start with the products and find the substances that start it
combustion
react with 02 to form H2O and CO2
stoichimoetry
part of chemistry that deals with the amount (mole) of substances involved in chemistry rxns, both as reactans and products - used to determine how much reactans are needed and how much product is yielded