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29 Cards in this Set

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-a compound that yields H^* ions in solution or a solution in which the concentration of H^* exceeding OH^-
Acid
-the equilibrium constant describing the degree of ionizaiton of an acid.
Acid ionization constant
-the row of elements below the periodic table, from thorium to lawrencium.
Actinides
-synonym for base
Alkali
-the column of elements from lithium to francium.
Alkali metals
-the column of elements from beryllium to radium.
Alkaline earths
-a hydrocarbon without a double bond, triple bond, or ring structure.
Alkane
-a hydrocarbon with one or more double bonds and no triple bond.
alkene
-a cluster of two protons and two neutrons emitted from a nucleus in one type of radioactivity.
Alpha particle
-A chemical species with a negative charge
Anion
-the negative electrode at which oxidation occurs.
Anode
-refers to a solution with water as solvent.
Aqeous
-refers to an organic compound with benzene-like ring.
aromatic
-the smallest amount of an element; a nuclues surrounded by electrons
Atom
-the number of protons in the nucleus of the chemical element.
Atomic number
-the weight in grams of one mole of the chemical element; appriximately thenumber of protons and neutrons in the nucleus.
Atomic weight
-equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure that contain the same number of molecules.
Avogadro's law
-6.02x10^23 the number of molecules in 1 mole of a substance.
Avogadro's number
-a compound that yields OH^- ions in solution or a solution in which the concentration of OH^- exceeds H^+
Base
-An electron emitted from a nucleus in one type of radioactivity.
Beta particle
-the temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas.
Boiling point
-an increase in the boiling point of a solution, proportional to the concentration of solute paricles.
Boiling point elevation
-the volume of a gas varies inversely with pressure.
Boyle's law
-a unit of energy, equal to 4.184 joules.
Calorie
-a substance that accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being consumed.
Catalyst
-the electrode at which reduction occurs.
cathode
-an atom or molecule with a positive charge
cation
-the volume of a gas varies directly with absolute temperature.
Charle's law
-a shorthand way of describing a chemical change using symbols of elements and formulas of compounds.
chemical equation