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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Analytical
Identification of components and composition of materials
Organic
Study of most carbon-containing compounds
Theoretical
Use of mathematics and computers to understand the principles behind observed chemical behavior and to design and predict the properties of new compounds
Inorganic
Study of all substances not classified as organic
Physical
Study of properties and changes of matter and their relation of energy
Biochemistry
Study of substances and processes occurring in living things
Alchemy
Practical pursuit of transmutation
Applied Research
Carried out to solve a problem
Chemistry
Study of composition, structure and properties of matter and the changes it undergoes
Chemical
Any substances that has a definite composition
Basic Research
Carried out for the sake of increasing knowledge
Technological Development
Invovles production and use of products that improve the quality of life
Volume
Amount of 3 dimensional space an object occupies
Mass
Measure of the amount of matter
Element
Pure substance made of only kind of atom
Mixture
Blend of 2 or more kinds of matter, each of which retains its own identity
Compound
Substance that is made of two or mmore elements that are chemically combined
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties of that element
Molecule
Smallest unit of an element or compound that retains all of the properties of the element
Chemical Property
Relates to a substances ability to undergo changes that transform it into different substances
Extensive
Depends on the amount of matter that is present
Physical Change
Change in a substance that does not involve a change in the identity of the substance
Chemical Change
Change in which one or more substances are converted into different substances
Physical Property
Characteristics that can be observed or measure without changing the identity of the substance
Intensive
Does not depend on the amount of matter that is present
Liquid
Definite volume but indefinite shape, assumes shape of a container
Plasma
High temperature state of matter in which atoms lose their electrons
Gas
Neither definite volume not definite shape, fills any container
Solid
Definite volume and definite shape, particles packed together in fixed position
Heterogeneous Mixtures
Not uniform throughtout
Pure Substance
Substances that has a fixed composition with exactly the same characteristic property and exactly the same composition
Homogeneous Mixtures
Mixtures uniform in composition, solutions
Malleable
Hammered down into sheets
Metals
Good conductors, malleable, ductile, tensile
Ductile
Can be drawn into fine wire
Nonmetals
Brittle, poor conductors
Metalloid
Element that has some characteristics of metals and some characteristics of nonmetals
Groups
Vertical columns of the periodic table
Periods
Horizontal rows of elements in the periodic table
Noble Gases
Elements that are generally unreactive
Color
(Physical,Chemical)
Physical Property
Density
(Physical,Chemical)
Physical Property
Reactivity
(Physical,Chemical)
Chemical Property
Stability
(Physical,Chemical)
Chemical Property