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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
boyle's law
gas varies inversely with pressure.
CHarles's law
volume directly proportional temperature
gay-lussac's law
prssure directly proportional to temp
combined gas law
relationship among pressure temperature and volume
ideal gas constant
ideal gas law
to claculate the number of moles of gas (n)
dalton's law of partial pressures
at a constant volume and temperature the total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the component gases
graham's law of effusion
the rate of effusion os a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of the gas's molar mass.
aqueous solution
water that contains dissolved substances.
henry's law
at a given temperature the solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the pressure
kf for h20
1.86deg c/m
kb for h20
hess's law of heat summation
if you add two or more thermochemical eguations to give a final equation, then you can also add the heats of a reaction to give the final heat of the reaction
leChatellier's principle
if a stress is applied to a system in dynamic equillibrium the system vhanges in a way that relaeases the stress
favor products
does not favor products
gibbs free energy
the numerical value of ►G is ____in spontaneous processes bc________
negitive bc the system loses free energy
congugate acid
base gains hydrogens
congugate base
acid loses hydrogen
conjugate acid-base pair
consits of two substances related by the loss or gain of a single hydrogen ion.
lewis acid
a substance that can accept a pair of electrons tto form a covalent bond.
lewis base
a substance that can donate a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond
neutralization reactions
salt and water
salt hydrolosis
the cations or anions of a dissociated salt remve hudrogen ions from or donate hydrogen ions to water.