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25 Cards in this Set

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boyle's law
gas varies inversely with pressure.
CHarles's law
volume directly proportional temperature
gay-lussac's law
prssure directly proportional to temp
combined gas law
relationship among pressure temperature and volume
ideal gas constant
8.31(lxkPa)/(Kxmol)
ideal gas law
to claculate the number of moles of gas (n)
PV=nRT
dalton's law of partial pressures
at a constant volume and temperature the total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the component gases
graham's law of effusion
the rate of effusion os a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of the gas's molar mass.
aqueous solution
water that contains dissolved substances.
henry's law
at a given temperature the solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the pressure
kf for h20
1.86deg c/m
kb for h20
,512
hess's law of heat summation
if you add two or more thermochemical eguations to give a final equation, then you can also add the heats of a reaction to give the final heat of the reaction
leChatellier's principle
if a stress is applied to a system in dynamic equillibrium the system vhanges in a way that relaeases the stress
sponatenous
favor products
nonspontanteous
does not favor products
gibbs free energy
►g=►h►-s
the numerical value of ►G is ____in spontaneous processes bc________
negitive bc the system loses free energy
congugate acid
base gains hydrogens
congugate base
acid loses hydrogen
conjugate acid-base pair
consits of two substances related by the loss or gain of a single hydrogen ion.
lewis acid
a substance that can accept a pair of electrons tto form a covalent bond.
lewis base
a substance that can donate a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond
neutralization reactions
salt and water
salt hydrolosis
the cations or anions of a dissociated salt remve hudrogen ions from or donate hydrogen ions to water.