Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
normal range for BUN
7-18mg/dl
formula for creatinine clearance
u/s x v/1440x1.73/sa
range of ammonina
19-60mg/dl
normal creatinine clearance
males 97-137ml/min
females 88-128
normal serum or plasma creatinine
male 0.6-1.2
female 0.5-1.1mg/dl
uric acid reference range
male 3.5-7.2mg/dl
female 2.6-6mg/dl
BUN: creatinine ratio
10:1 - 20:1
Nephrons 6 basic parts
Glomerlus, Proximul tube,
Loop of henle ascending and desending,distal tube,
collecting tube
BUN stands for
Blood Urea Nitrogen
What is increased in gout
uric acid
What NPN is increased in reyes syndrome
ammonia
abnormaly high BUN called
azotemia
which npns are increased with
abnormal renal function
uric acid, BUN, creatinine
which NPN is increased in
liver disorders
ammonia
part of nephron that reabsorbs
sodium, chloride, calcium and magnesium
ascending loop of henle
what surrounds Bowmans capsule
glomerous
BUN will rise first in the blood or urine during renal failure
urine
most common renal calculi
calcium oxalate
what is formed as protien breaks down
ammonia
ammonia is removed be the liver and is converted to
urea
__ of the urea is removed from the blood through the kidneys
90%
__ of urea removed through the gi tract and the skin
10%
reabsorbs water, sodium
chloride,bicarbonate, potassium,calcium, amino acids
phosphates, protien and glucose
proximal tube
reabsorbs water,
loop of henle descending
reabsorbs sloutes, dont reabsorb water
loop of henle ascending
reabsorbs sodium secretes potassium, ammonia and hydrogen ions. Potassium ions are exchanged for sodium ions
distal and collecting tubles
caused by increased BUN
acute glomerulonephritis, chronic nephritis, tubular ne
decreased protien intake and severe liver damage will _ _
decrease BUN
NPNs are commonly used to monitor
renal functions
most common NPN. Makes up 50%
urea
RBC casts
large hematuria
proteinuria
Acute glomerulonephritis
all types of casts(minimal rbc)
hematuria
chronic glomerulonephritis
large protienuria<3.5g per day
fatty casts
oval fat bodies in urine
Nephrotic syndrome
decreased protien intake and severe liver damage will _ _
decrease BUN
NPNs are commonly used to monitor
renal functions
most common NPN. Makes up 50%
urea
RBC casts
large hematuria
proteinuria
Acute glomerulonephritis
all types of casts(minimal rbc)
hematuria
chronic glomerulonephritis
large protienuria<3.5g per day
fatty casts
oval fat bodies in urine
Nephrotic syndrome
nitrite pos
leukocyte pos
wbc casts
bacteria turbid
Pyelonephritis or Cytitis
kidney or bladder infection
Acute renal failure
sharp decline in renal operation
Renal Failure
slow decline in renal function
chronic renal failure
uric acid reduces phosphotungstic acid to tungston blue which is measured spectrophotometrically. these assays lack specificity
Colorimetric assay
Based on uricase reaction
Enzyme assay