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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An ion of Potassium would be called what?
Potassium ion
An ion of Sulfur would be called what?
Sulfide ion
With this type of bond, the electrons are shared by atoms.
Covalent bond
The electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom are called what?
Valence Electrons
The number of valence electrons in elements of Groups 1 and 2 can be determined by...
Elements of Groups 1 and 2 have the same number of valence electrons as their group number.
The joining of atoms to form new substances is called what?
Chemical bonding
For elements in Groups 13-18, how do you determine the # of valence electrons?
Subtract 10 from the Group #. (Remember...Helium is an exception)
This type of bond is the force of attraction between oppositely charged ions.
ionic bond
Atoms can do 1 of these 3 things with electrons in order to fill their outer energy level. What are these 3 things?
1. Give them away (lose)
2. Take them away (gain)
3. Share them
Positive ions form when...
an atom loses electrons and is left with more protons than electrons.