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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
polyprotic acid
an acid that can donate more than one proton per molecule
diprotic acid
an acid that can donate two protons per molecule
weak acid
acids that are weak electrolytes
triprotic acid
an acid able to donate three protons per molecule
organic acid
an organic compound that contains an acid group, the carboxyl group (COOH)
mineral acids
because they are made from minerals, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid and phosphoric acid
binary acid
an acid composed of hydrogen bonded to one or the more elctronegative elements
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen and a third element
hydroxyl group
the covalently bonded --OH group
hydroxyl ion
formed in the ionic compounds known as hydroxides
traditional definition of a base
a substance that contains hydroxide ions and dissociatest o give hydrocixe ions in aqueous solution
a soltuion that contains OH from a soluble base
the reaction of hydrodium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
an ionic compound composed of a metal cation of an aqueous base and the anion from an aqueous acid
Bronsted Base
a molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
Bronstead acid-base reaction
protons are transferred from one reactant( the acid) to antoher (the base)
Lewis base
an atom, ion or molecule that is a election pair doner
Lewis acid-base reaction
the formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair doner and an electron pair acceptor
conjugate base
the species that remains after a Bronsted acid has given up a proton
conjugate acid
the species formed when a Bronsted base gains a proton
any species that can react as either an acid or a base
basic anhydride
an oxide that reactison wtih water to form an alkaline solution
acid anhydride
an oxide that reacts wiht water to form an acid
quantities of solutes that have equavalent combining capacity
equivalent mass of an acid
the mass of the acid in grams that will provide one mole of protons in a reaction
equivalent mass of a base
the mass of the base in grams that will react with one mole of protons or will provide one mole of hydroxide (OH-) ions in a reaction
the number of equivalents of solute per liter of solution
the process that ionizes water
defined as the negative of the common logerithm of the hydronium ion concentration
weak acid or base dyes whose colors are sensitive to pH or hydrodium concentration
transition interval
the pH range over which an indicator changes color
the controlled addition and measurement of the amount of a solution of known concentraion that is required to react completely with a measured amountof a solution of unknown concentration
standard solution
a solution that contains a precisely known concentration of solute
equivalence point
in a neutralization reaction, the point at which there are equivalent quanities of hydronium and hydroxide ions
end point
the point in titration where an indicator changes color
primary standard
a highly purified compound, when used in soltuion to check the concentration of the known solution in a titration