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19 Cards in this Set

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-ium
positive monoatomic ions

rubidium, thallium

exceptions:
ammonium(NH₄⁺), hydronium (H₃O⁺)
-ide
negative monoatomic ions

chloride, sulfide

exceptions:

hydroxide(OH⁻), cyanide(CN⁻)
-ate
negative polyatomic ions with oxygen

nitrate, chlorate, cyanate

exceptions:
thiocyanate(SCN⁻)
-ite
negative polyatomic ions that contain one less oxygen than the "-ate" ion
per-...-ate
negative polyatomic ions that contain one more oxygen than the "-ate" ion

NO EXCEPTIONS
hypo-...-ite
negative polatomic ions that contain one less oxygen that the "-ite" ion

NO EXCEPTIONS
bi-
precedes names of some negative ions when a hydrogen ion piggybacks on it
bicarbonate(HCO₃⁻)

exceptions:

also called hydrogen carbonate
-ous
added to the latin root to show a lower oxidation state of a positive ion

ferrous(Fe²⁺)

NO EXCEPTIONS
-ic
added to the latin root to indicate a higher oxidation state of a positive ion

ferric(Fe³⁺)

NO EXCEPTIONS
Order of elements in a polyatomic ion
most positive first, and most negative last

exceptions: ammonium ion(NH₄⁺), hydroxide ion(OH⁻), cyanide ion(CN⁻)
states:

chromium
2 and 3
states:

cobalt
2 and 3
state:

copper
1 and 2
state:

iron
2 and 3
states:

manganese
2 and 3
states:

mercury
2 for Hg and Diatomic Hg2
states:

nickel
2 and 3
states:

lead
2 and 4
states:

tin
2 and 4