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15 Cards in this Set

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crystalline solid
solid where the representative particles are in a highly ordered, repeating pattern called a crystal
amorphous solid
substance that is rigid and appears solid but does not behave like crystalline solids
covalent-network solid
solid where strong covalent bonds form a network extending throughout the solid
vaporization
change of state from liquid to gas
condensation
change of state from gas to liquid
evaporation
process where molecules of a liquid escape from the surface of the liquid and enter the vapor phase
equilibrium vapor pressure
pressure exerted by a vapor in equilibrium with its liquid - point where the number of molecules in the vapor state remains constant
boiling point
the temp where the vapor pressure of a liquid becomes equal to the atmospheric pressure
heat of vaporization
the amount of heat needed to vaporize a given amount of a liquid at its boiling point
freezing point
the temp where the solid and liquid forms of a substance exist in equilibrium
heat of fusion
the heat needed to convert a given amount of a solid into a liquid
sublimation
conversion of a solid directly into a gas, without first becoming a liquid
deposition
conversion of a gas directly into a solid without first becoming a liquid
heating curve
plot of the temperature of a sample as a function of time
phase diagram
plot of the state of a sample as a function of temperature and pressure