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17 Cards in this Set

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a solution in which the solvent is water
aqeuous solution
a statement using chemical formulas to describe the identities and relative amounts of the reactants and products involved in the chemical reaction
chemical equation
the process by which the atoms of one or more substances are rearranged to form different substances; occurrence can be indicated by changes in temperature, color, odor, and physical state
chemical reaction
in a chemical equation, the number written in front of a reactant or product; tells the smallest number of particles of the substance involved in the reaction
coefficient
a chemical reaction that occurs when a substance reacts with oxygen, releasing energy in the form of heat and light
combustion reaction
an ionic equation that shows all the particles in a solution as they realistically exist
complete ionic equation
a chemical reaction that occurs when a single compound breaks down into two or more elements or new compounds
decomposition reaction
a chemical reaction that involves the exchange of positive ions between two compounds and produces either a precipitate, a gas, or water.
double-replacement reaction
an ionic equation that includes only the particles that participate in the reaction
net ionic equation
a solid produced during a chemical reaction in a solution
precipitate
a substance formed during a chemical reaction
product
the starting substance in a chemical reaction
reactant
a chemical reaction that occurs when the atoms of one element replace the atoms of another element in a compound
single-replacement reaction
a substance dissolved in a solution
solute
the substance that dissolves a solute to form a solution
solvent
an ion that does not participate in a reaction and usually is not shown in an ionic equation
spectator ion
a chemical reaction in which two ore more substances react to yield a single product
synthesis reaction