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150 Cards in this Set

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What is a bianary Ionic Compound?
A Metal and nonmetal
What is a Ternary Ionic compound?
AMetal and Polyatomic Anion
What is a Polyatomic ion?
A group ions bound together having an overall positive or negative charge.
What is a positive ion called?
cation
What is a negative ion called?
anion
Ionic compounds with Polyatomic Cations are
1. Polyatomic cation and nonmetal
2. polyatomic cation and polyatomic anion
Binary Ionic compound
1. If metal has a fixed charge it is written like...
Metal name + nonmetal stem +ide
Binary Ionic compound
1. If metal has a variable charge it is written like...
Metal ( the charge using roman numerals) + nonmetal stem + ide
Ternary Ionic Compound
1. If the metal has a fixed charge it is written like...
Metal + Polyatomic Anion name
Ternary Ionic Compound
1. If the metal has a variable charge it is writted as...
Metal name (Charge using Romean Numerals) + Polyatomic Anion Name
Ionic compounds with Polyatomic Cations can be written as...
1. Polyatomic + Nonmetal stem + ide
OR
2. Polyatomic Cation + Polyatomic Anion Name
What are the three Physical states of matter?
solid, liquid, gas
homogeneous
its properties are definate and constant
heterogenous
its properties are infinate and vary.
it can be separtated into pure substances by physical methods.
H
hydrogen
Li
Lithium
Be
Berlium
Na
Sodium
K
Potassium
Rb
Rubidium
Cs
Cesium
Fr
Francium
Mg
Magnesium
Ca
Calcium
Sr
Strontium
bA
bARIUM
Ra
Radium
Sc
Scandium
Y
Yttruim
La
Lanthanium
Ac
Actinium
Ti
Titanium
Zr
Zironium
Hf
Hafnium
V
Vanadium
Nb
Niobium
Ta
Tantaium
Cr
Chromium
Mo
molybdenum
W
Tungsten
Mn
Manganese
Fe
Iron
Ru
Ruthenium
Os
Osmium
Co
cobalt
Rh
Rhodium
Ir
Iridium
Ni
Nickel
Cu
Copper
Pd
Palladium
Pt
Platinum
Ag
Silver
Au
gold
Zn
zinc
Cd
cadmium
In
Indium
Ti
Thalium
Ga
Gallium
Al
Aluminum
B
Born
C
Carbon
Si
Silicon
Ge
Germanium
Sn
Tin
Pb
lead
N
Nitrogen
P
Phosphorus
As
Arsenic
Sb
Antimony
Bi
Bismuth
O
Oxygen
S
Sulfer
Se
Selenium
Te
Tellurium
Po
Polonium
F
Flourine
Cl
Chlorine
Br
Bormine
I
Iodine
At
Astatine
He
Helium
Ne
Neon
Ar
Argon
Kr
Krypton
Xe
Xenon
What is an Oxyanion?
An oxyanion is usually a polyatomic anion that contains one or more elements combines with Oxygen.
S
Sulfer
Se
Selenium
Te
Tellurium
Po
Polonium
F
Flourine
Cl
Chlorine
Br
Bormine
I
Iodine
At
Astatine
He
Helium
Ne
Neon
Ar
Argon
Kr
Krypton
Xe
Xenon
What is an Oxyanion?
An oxyanion is usually a polyatomic anion that contains one or more elements combines with Oxygen.
2 member series: (group 15 & 16)
nonmetal stem and ite
(fewest O's)

nonmetal stem and ate
(most O's)
4 member series: ( group 17)
hypo_____ite (fewest O's)
_____ite (2nd fewest O's)
_____ate (2nd most O's)
per _____ate (most O's)
Names of Cations
Fixed charge metal Cation

H+
hydrogen ion
Names of Cations
Fixed charge metal Cation

Li+
lithium ion
Names of Cations
Fixed charge metal Cation

Na+
Sodium ion
Names of Cations
Fixed charge metal Cation

K+
Potassium ion
Names of Cations
Fixed charge metal Cation

Cs+
Cesium ion
Names of Cations
Fixed charge metal Cation

Ag+
silver ion
Fixed Charge Metal Cataions

Be<2+>
beryllium ion
Fixed Charge Metal Cataions

Mg<2+>
magnesium
Fixed Charge Metal Cataions

Ca<2+>
Calcium ion
Fixed Charge Metal Cataions

Sr<2+>
stronium ion
Fixed Charge Metal Cataions

Ba<2+>
barioum ion
Fixed Charge Metal Cataions

Zn<2+>
Zinc ion
Fixed Charge Metal Cataions

Cd<2+>
Cadium ion
Al<3+>
aluminum ion
Fe<2+>
iron (II) ion: ferrous ion
FE<3+>
iron (III) ion: ferric ion
Ni<2+>
nickelous ion
Ni<3+>
nickle (III) ion: nickelic ion
Cu+
copper (I) ion: cuperous ion
Cu<2+>
copper (II) ion: cuperous ion
Mn<2+>
manganeses (II)ion
Sn<2+>
tin (II) ion: stannous ion
Sn<4+>
tin (IV) ion: stannous ion
Pb<2+>
lead (II) ion: plumbous ion
Pb<3+>
lead (III) ion: plumbic ion
Hg<2+>
mercury (II) ion: mercuric ion
Hg<2 2+ >
Mercury (I) ion: mercurous ion
Mn<3+>
Magnanese (III) ion
flouride
F-
Chloride ion
Cl-
Hydride ion
H-
Br-
Bromide
I-
Iodide
O<2->
oxide ion
S<2->
sulfide ion
Se<2->
selenium
N<3->
nitride oxide
P<3->
phosphide
As<3->
arsenide ion
a single particle composed of two or more metal or nonmetal atoms are called
molecules
expresses the number of atoms of each element in a compound
formula
__________refers to those characacteristis of a pure substande that we can either observe without changing the substance.
physical properties
chemical properties describes how a a pure substance reacts with other
substances
Law of conservation of mass
The law that states that matter weighs the same before and after chemical change
Potential energy
is stored energy
kinetic energy is
the energy matter has as a result of motion
kinetic energy- solid-very slow
liquid- high
gas-very high
movement-solid-none
liquid-restricted
gas-unrestricted