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47 Cards in this Set

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Kinetic Molecular Theory
-gases operate like fluids
-particles in constant rapid motion
- all collisions perfectly elastic
elastic
particles completly transfer energy
in elastic
incomplete energy transfer
green house gases
trap energy from sun
Avogadro's Law
equal volumes of gaseshave the same number of particles at the same temperature and pressure
pressure
the force exerted per unit area force/area
Role of ozone and chlorofluorocarbons in the upper atmosphere
OZONE-protect atmosphere from being blown up
CHLORO- destroy the ozone
Ideal Gases
High pressure
Low Temperature
Real Gases
Low pressure
High Temperature
Boiling Point
A liquid boils when vapor pressure within the liquid is equal to the external pressure
atmosphere pressure=vapor pressure
Sublimation
change of state from solid to a gas
relationship between:
volume, pressure
volume increases as pressure rises
relationship between:
temperature, pressure
increase in temp, increase in pressure
relationship between:
temperature, volume
increase temp, decrease volume
relationship between:
volume, pressure, temp
increase volume, decrease pressure and temperature
Barometer
instrument that measures pressure using mercury
Volume to Volume Calculation
use 22.4
Gas diffusion
area of higher concentration to area of lower concentration
Boyles Law
inverse relationship between pressure and volume

P1V1=P2V2
Temp & Pressure Law
Temperature and Pressure are directly proportional

P1 P2
-- = --
T1 T2
Charles Law
the relationship between temperature and volume

V1 V2
-- = --
T1 T2
Combined Gas Law
P1V1T2 = P2V2T1
Ideal Gas Law
combination of Charles', Avogadro's, and Boyles law.

PV = nRT

R = 8.314 L*kPa/mol*k
Dalton's Law
total pressure in a gaseous system is the sum of the individual partical pressures

PT = P1+P2+P3+P4+ECT...
Graham's Law
Va Mb
-- = (square root)--
Vb Ma
Kinetic Molecular Theory
-gases operate like fluids
-particles in constant rapid motion
- all collisions perfectly elastic
elastic
particles completly transfer energy
in elastic
incomplete energy transfer
green house gases
trap energy from sun
Avogadro's Law
equal volumes of gaseshave the same number of particles at the same temperature and pressure
pressure
the force exerted per unit area force/area
Role of ozone and chlorofluorocarbons in the upper atmosphere
OZONE-protect atmosphere from being blown up
CHLORO- destroy the ozone
Ideal Gases
High pressure
Low Temperature
Real Gases
Low pressure
High Temperature
Boiling Point
A liquid boils when vapor pressure within the liquid is equal to the external pressure
atmosphere pressure=vapor pressure
Sublimation
change of state from solid to a gas
relationship between:
volume, pressure
volume increases as pressure rises
relationship between:
temperature, pressure
increase in temp, increase in pressure
relationship between:
temperature, volume
increase temp, decrease volume
relationship between:
volume, pressure, temp
increase volume, decrease pressure and temperature
Graham's Law
effusion
gas particles travel out of a small opening
Graham's Law
diffusion
gas traveling in open space
INTERPRET
Phase diagram
Normal Boiling Point
temperature at which a substance boils at STP
INTERPRET
Phase diagram
Critical Point
temperature and pressure at which the properties of liquids and gases become distinguishable
INTERPRET
Phase diagram
Triple Point
temperature and pressure at which all thress phases of a substance exists
INTERPRET
Phase diagram
Sublimation
solid ----> gas
INTERPRET
Vapor Pressure vs. temp.
-as temp of water increases, its vapor pressure increases
-when vapor reaches external pressure it boils