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7 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are Checks and Balances?
The mechanisms through which each branch of government is able to participate in and influence the activities of the other branches.
Executive checks over Legislative?
- President can veto acts of Congress
- President can call a special session of Congress
-President carries out, and thereby interprets, laws passed by Congress.
- Vice president casts tie-breaking
Executive checks over Judicial?
-President nominates Supreme Court justices
- President nominates federal judges
- President can pardon those convicted in federal court
- President can refuse to enforce the court's decisions
How does the Legislative check the Executive?
-Congress can override presidential veto
- Congress can impeach and remove president
- Senate can reject president's appointments and refuse to ratify treaties
- Congress can conduct investigations into president's actions
-Congress can refuse to pass laws or provide funding that president requests
How does the Legislative check the Judicial?
-Congress can change size of federal court system and number of Supreme Court justices
- Congress can propose constitutional amendments
- Congress can reject Supreme Court nominees
- Congress can impeach and remove federal judges
-Congress can amend court jurisdictions
-Congress controls appropriations
What are the Judicial checks over the Executive?
- Court can declare executive actions unconstitutional.
- Court has the power to issue warrants.
- Chief Justice presides over impeachment of president.
What are the Judicial checks over the Legislative?
- Court can declare laws unconstitutional
- Chief Justice presides over Senate during hearing to impeach the president.