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20 Cards in this Set

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What are the six kingdoms that taxonomist classify species into?
Archaeabacteria
Eubacteria
Protista
Fungi
Plantae
Animalia
Archaeabacteria
Unicellular
Prokaryotic
Autotrophic or Heterotrophic
Cell walls

Live in extreme conditions, such as extreme temperatures, acidity, alkalinity or salinity, and some live under extremely low oxygen conditions.
Eubacteria
Unicellular
Prokaryotic
Autotrophic or Heterotrophic
Cell walls
Protista
mostly unicellular; some multicellular
Eukaryotic
Autotrophic or Hetrotrophic
Cell wall (cell wall is made out of chitin)
Fungi
mostly multicellular; some unicellular
Eukaryotic
Generally saprotrophic; (heterotrophic)
Cell wall (cell wall is made out of cellulose)


Some fungi are parasitic or pathogenic
Plantae
Multicellular
Eukaryotic
Autotrophic
Cell wall
Animalia
Multicellular
Eukaryotic
Heterotrophic
No cell walls
What are theas 7 common characteristic of all living organism?
1. Composed of Cells
2. Respond to stimuli (external or internal)
3. Reproduce (asexual or sexual reproduction)
4. Exhibit growth & development
5. Obtain or metabolize food as an energy source (autotrophic or heterotrophic)
6. Possess nucleic acid
7. Able to adapt to their environment
Cell wall
_________ has a rigid outside of the cell membrane
No cell wall
_______ only a cell membrane
Autotrophic
Makes its own food; usually through photosynesis
Heterotrophic
Must consume food to get the energy it needs.

(herbivores, carnivores, omnivores)
Saprotrophic
Feeding on dead organic matter, usually digesting food externally and absorbs the digested material into its own body, such as fungi
Eukaryotic
An organism characterized by cells containing a true or visible nucleus


(Protista, fungi, plantae, animalia)
Prokaryotic
An organism lacking a true nucleus

(archaebacteria and eubacteria: once known as the monera kingdom)
Unicellular
Made of one cell
Multicellular
Made of more than one cell
Interdependant
Two species existing in an indirect relationship in which they adapt to occupy the same habitat.
Symbiosis
Species that exist in a direct relationship in which both species benefit.
Predation
Species that exist in a direct relationship and one species is threatened by the other