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42 Cards in this Set

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same as oratorio
passion
a vocal number for solo singer and orchestra, generally in an opera, cantata, or oratorio
aria
term for music flowing into a ballet
balleto and corrente
elaborate and extensive style added to European art and music in the 17th century
Baroque
instrument adding double effect of clarifying and binding the harmony and texture of the bass line
Basso Continuo
ground bass
basso ostinato
a lively, fugue-like composition, one of several sixteenth and seventeenth-century genres of instrumental music
canzona
male vocalists castrated at a young age to preserve their high-pitched, feminine voice
castrato
an organ composition based on a chorale tune
chorale prelude
german for hymn: also used for a four-part harmonization of a Lutheran hymn
Chorale
a cantata with religious words
church cantata
a large composition for orchestra and solo instrument
concerto
the main early Baroque type of concerto, for a group of solo instruments and a small orchestra
concerto grosso
in a fugue, a subsidiary melodic line that appears regularly in counterpoint with the subject
countersubject
groups of dances
dance suites
a system of notation of the continuo chords in Baroque music, by means of figures
figured bass
a composition written systematically in imitative polyphony, usually with a single main theme, the fugue subject
fugue
the single main theme of a fugue
fugue subject
the system whereby all chords have a specific interrelation and function in relation to the tonic
functional harmony
script for an opera, oratorio, cantata
libretto
a self-contained section of a larger piece
movements
drama presented in music, with the characters singing instead of speaking
opera
a term for the serious, heroic opera of the Baroque period in Italy
Opera Seria
long semi-dramatic piece on a religious subject for soloists, chorus, and orchestra
oratorio
chorale prelude
organ chorale
adding of fast notes and vocal effects to a melody, making it more florid and expressive
ornamentation
a motive, phrase, or theme, repeated over and over again
ostinato
an orchestral piece at the start of an opera, oratorio, etc.
overture
a set of variations on a short theme in the bass
passacaglia
a half singin, half reciting style of presenting words in opera, cantata, oratorio, etc
recitative
the orchestra material at the beginning of a concerto grosso, etc, which always returns later in the piece
ritornello
a chamber-music piece in several movements
sonata
distinct qualities that separate dances of the baroque from other genres
stylized dance
a written-out composition in improvisational style
toccatas
extreme prowess and talent in regard to an individuals expertise of an individual instrument or aspect of music
virtuosity
sacred acapella
motet (Baroque)
cantata based on story of the Virgin Mary
Magnificante
most important composers of the baroque
G F Handel & J S Bach
composed Messiah (Hallelujah is part of the Messiah)
Handel
this composers main instrument was the organ, and he wrote for the church, theological
Bach
for solo instrument and orchestra
concerto
5 key elements
repetition, return, variation, imitation, contrast