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215 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
movement that supported science and technology, based on Protestant moral beliefs and supported by farmers, laborers, industrialists, and merchants
journalists' nickname from Roosevelt
names of 3 magazines that were popular in the muckraker movement
McClures, Collier's, Cosmopolitan
Author of The Octopus, a s 1901 novel about Southern Pacific railroads and their treatment of sheep ranchers
Frank Norris
Author of Shame of Cities, which complained about the bankers anf corporations that bought their own laws in big cities
Lincoln Steffens
Author of the Jungle (1906), which unearthed the injustices in Chicago's meat-packing industry
Sinclair Lewis
Political party/movement that wanted society to control government, factories, and farmland; antagonized capitalism, preached class welfare, and made Americans fear it after the Russian Revolution
leader of the Socialist Party of America
Eugene Debs
Author of Women & Economics; advocated child care centers and common dining facilities in the workplace
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
two famous birth control advocates
Mary Ware Dennett and Margaret Sanger
Company that contained a fire in 1911 that killed 146 workers
Triangle Shirtwaist Company
PA native who helped write Illinois factory inspection laws
Florence Kelley
court case in which Florence Kelley secured a ten-hour work-day maximum
Muller vs. Oregan
Nation American WOmen's Suffrage Association leader
Carrie Chapman Catt
National Women's Party leader
Alice Paul
Black activist who called blacks to accept low status and look for economic power
Booker T. Washington
Black acitivst who attended the Niagra Falls movement to demand full civil rights and an end to segregation
W.E.B. du Bois
white progressive also present at Niagra Falls, who helped to create the NAACP
Jane Adams
Ohio manufacturer and mayor who made major reforms
Samuel "Golden Rule" Jones
system of government in which five commissioners are chosen from their respective fields (i.e., police, fire, public works, etc.)

city where it was first used
Commission system

Galveston, TX
system of government in which voters elect a council and the council elects a manager

city where it was first used
City-manager plan

Staunton, VA
system of governmenti n which the voters elect several officials who share responsibilities
mayor-council plan
Wisconsin governor who institutes direct primary, initiative, rfeendum, Legislative Reference Bureau, recall
Robert La Follette
governor of California who instituted direct primary, initiative, referendum, recall, a non-partisan ballot, and cross-filing; tried to stop aliens from owning California land in 1913
Hiram Johnson
"laboratory of democracy"
act that banned impure and mislabeled foods
Pure Food and Drug Act
act passed in 1906 that required safe meat to be sold
Meat INspection Act
1st federal regulatory agency, created to set railroad rates
Interstate Commerce Commission
architect from CHicago who coined the terms "form follows function", "organic simplicity", and "prairie style"; worked in Unity Temple (oak Park, IL)
Frank Lloyd Wright
1st president to cultive personal popularity
Theodore Roosevelt
act that outlawed monopolies, used by teh Attorney General against teh North Securities Company
Sherman Antitrust Act
act that forbade rebates
Elkins Act
act that gave the Interstate Commerce COmmission the power to set maximum railroad rates
Hepburn Act
Leader and Group involved in the COal Strike of 1902
United Mine Workers of America, John Mitchell
company that played workers against each other, refused to recognize the union
J.P. Morgan trust
system in which a party's candidates are chosen by the voters instead of by party members at a convention
direct primary
reform that allowed voters to introduce laws through petitions and to enact laws directly by a popular vote
reform that allowed citizens to approve or reject a proposed law or put forth a new one
reform that allowed voters to remove an official from office
term for Roosevelt's act of breaking monopolies through law suits
method of settling disgreements between employers and workers through a legally binding decision by an impartial person or group
group during the western water rights battle that promoted mining, logging, and grazing on federal lands
group during the western water rights battle that advocated the protection of scenic places and the creation of parks and reserves
the restoration to productivity of dry lands by irrigation
two main figures in the advocation of reservoirs to store runoff and rain for irrigation
John Wesley Powell, Frederick Haynes Newell
Roosevelt's advisor on natural resources (conservationist)
Gifford Pinchot
founder of the Sierra Club (reservationist)
John Muir
Location that San Franciscan conservationists wanted to flood for the city water supply, which caused a huge conflict with the preservationists
Hetch-Hetchy Valley
Winner of the 1908 presidential election who alienated conservationists
William Howard Taft
Secretary of the Interior under Taft who favored state or private control of Western development

(Pinchot disagreed, and Taft fired Pinchot)
Richard A. Ballinger
Party created by the Republican split
(nicknamed the "Bull Moose" party)
Progressive Party
Winner of the 1912 Presidential election on the platform of "New Freedom"
Woodrow Wilson
two taxes passed during the early 1900s
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
Underwood Tariff
act creating 12 districts, each with its own federal reserve bank; all national banks were required to become members
Federal Reserve Act
act that ended unfair business competition in interstate commerce
Federal Trade Commission Act
act that freed unions from antitrust actions and barred interlocking directorates
Clayton Antitrust Act
laws making an employer pay a worker who is injured or sontracts a disease because of his or her job
workmen's compensation
state in which workmen's compensation became most popular
New Jersey
Wilson's record of reform proved uneven in whose favor?
Southern Democrats (against blacks)
people who wanted more land for America
Nickname for the $7.2 million purchase of Alaska (before they discovered that it was birmming with oil)
Seward's Folly
policy that guided U.S. action in Latin America, stating that Americans are not to be considered subjects for future European colonization; in return, the U.S. would not interfere in Europe's internall affairs (obivously, this was not going to happen)
Monroe Doctrine
President of Mexico who expelled Archuduke Maxmilian during the Mexican War
Benito Juarez
Who opened Japanese ports to America?
Matthw Perry
Protestant who wrote "our country" and encouraged foreign missions
Josiah Strong
Hawaiian queen who refused to let the missionaries take over
policy of extending rule of one country over another
policy that allowed all countries in West AFrica to trade on equal terms
Open Door Policy
wrote Open Letter to Belgium after the U.S. wound up supporting a brutal regime in the Congo to get the Open Door Policy
George Washington Williams
Author of "The Influence of Sea Power" to encourage a better navy
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Secretary of the Navy
Benjamin Tracy
Leader of exiles in Cuba that gained American support for Cuban independence
Jose Marti
Spanish general sent to Cuba in 1896
General Valeriano Weyler
herding of the civilian population into fortified towns
writer for the "world" who used large headlines and sensational stories, exaggerating the terrors in Cuba
Joseph Pulitzer
writer for the "Journal" who said, "you furnish pictures and I'll furnish the war"
William Randolph Hearst
title for exaggerated journalism
Yellow Journalism
Winner of the 1900 presidenital election
letter from the Spanish minister to the Spanish embassy of the U.S., criticizing the president; it was published by Cuban rebels
De Lome Letter
U.S. naval ship destroyed in the Havanna Harbor
pledged that the U.S. wouldn't annex Cuba once the island was free
Teller Ammendment
Date that Spain declared war
April 24, 1898
Hong Kong naval commander who blew the heck out of Manila Bay
George Dewey
Teddy Roosevelt's cowboy buddies, who fought in Cuba without horses but still succeeded immensely
Rough Riders
treaty in which the U.S. got Puerto Rico, Guam, and sold teh Philippines
Treaty of Paris
city where the Rough Riders successfully attacked
Senator from Massachussetts who supported an American empire
Henry Cabot Lodge
senator from Indiana who supported Philippine annexation
Albert Beveridge
Democratic presidenital candidate who opposed annexation of the Philippines, along with Andrew Carnegie and Mark Twain
William Jennings Bryan
founder of the Republican Party who opposed annexation of the Philippines
George Hoar
declared that Cuba could not make a treay with a foreign power, and that the U.S. could intervene with political affairs and naval bases
Platt Amendment
U.S. base in Cuba that's still around today
Guantanamo Bay
act making Puerto Ricans citizens of Puerto Rico but not of the U.S.
Foraker Act
supreme court case in which possessed lands of the U.S. were not granted the same rights as the states
Insular cases
act granting Puerto Ricans an upper house of legislature
Jones Act
Year in which PR became a self-governing commonwealth
rebel who established a provisional governmenti n the Philippines and fought for independence
Emilio Aguinaldo
name for Aguinaldo's attempts (costs: 3 years, 4000 American lives, and $170)
Philippine Insurrection
areas where European powers enjoyed special trade rights
spheres of influence
secretary of state who established the open door policy, but Europe didn't care
John Hay
secret society that tried to expel missionaries from China
Boxer Rebellion
repayment for damage or loss- the U.S. required it of China after the Boxer Rebellion, eventually returning some of it
response to discrimination, and act that barred Chinese immigration to Hawaii, the Philippines, and Cuba
Chinese Exclusion Act
northern, coal-rich region of China sought by Japan and Russia
the first Asian victory over a European power; gave Japan some serious political power
Russo-Japanese War
U.S. warship was had problems getting home after the Spanish-American War
French Colombia attempted to dig a canal here, but failed
Isthmus of Panama
John Hay got permission from Britain to build a canal in this agreement
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
strip of Panamanian territory ten miles wide that the U.S. wanted to build its grand canal
Canal Zone
Treaty that gave the U.S. control of the Canal Zone
Hay-Banau-Varilla Treaty
U.S. Army Surgeon who led the campaign to rid the swamps of the Anopheles mosquito (malaria) and the Aedes mosquito (yellow fever)
William Gorgas
U.S. purchase from Denmark that fortified the Canal Zone
Virgin Islands
Roosevelt's addition to the Monroe Doctrine: "chronic wrongdoing, or an impotence which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society, may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation"
Roosevelt corollary
nickname for the U.S. loans to many small countries, eventually acquiring plantations, markets, railroads, and banks in Central America
Dollar diplomacy
dictator of Mexico who supported foreign investment, of which the U.S. had taken advantage
Porifirio Diaz
U.S.-educated leader who was killed in 1913
Francisco Madero
self-declared president of MExico
Victoriano Huerta
Port seized by Wilson that caused Huerta's regime to collapse
successor of Huerta who faced revolts all over the place
Venustiano Carranza
revolutionary who tried to topple Carranza and killed 17 in New Mexico
Pancho Villa
American general who... uh... *punished* Pancho Villa
John Pershing
people who believed that all wars should be outlawed
Swedish discoverer of dynamite who established an international peace prize
Alfred Nobel
French region taken by Germany during the Franco-Prussian war that both nations still really liked in the early 1900s
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy (WWI)
Triple Alliance
Great Britain, France, Russia (WWI)
Triple Entente
Another name for the Triple Alliance
Central Powers
Another name for the Triple Entente
intense feeling of patriotism or the desire for national independence
region of the Ottoman Empire that revolted frequently (Greece, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania, Bulgaria)
Balkan Peninsula
Austrian heir to the throne who was assassinated by a Slavic nationalist in 1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Countries on which Germany declared war after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Russia, France, Belgium, and eventually Great Britain, Japan, and a couple little ones
Turkish repression of Armenians who helped the Russians
Armenian Massacre
British ocean liner sunk by a German torpedo in 1915
Germany's promise not to sink passenger or merchant ships (1916)
Sussex Pledge
Note asking Mexico to enter World War I ; it was intercepted; outraged Americans
Zimmerman note
Progressive republican senator who voted against war
George Norris
First female house member, also voting against the war
Jeannette Rankin
minority socialist party in Russia led by VLadimir Lenin
sector in France led by Alvin York that was a huge Allied success
When was the armistice ending the was signed??
11th day, 11th month, 11th hour, 1918
Committee created early in World War I to weild power over the economy
War Industries Board
Head of the War Industries Board
Bernard Baruch
Food administrator and future president
Herbert Hoover
employed a power-driven conveyor that carried each element of a product past workers
assembly line
the first mass movement of black southerners to northern and western cities
Great Migration
weekly Chicago black newspaper that contributed to migration
the Defender
nationalist group formed in 1910 to aid the adjustment of African Americans to cities
Urban League
factory city that was home to a race riot and discrimination against blacks
East St. Louis
Wilson's list of war aims, designed to seize the initiative from the Bolsheviks
Fourteen Points
the right of an ethnic group to determine what form of government it should have, without reference to the wishes of any other nations
payments made by a defeated country to compensate for war damages
committee created to correct the injustices of the WWI peace treaty
League of Nations
Mineral-rich region that Germany surrendered to France
Saar Valley
territory or colony taken from defeated nations and placed under the control of the victors
head of the senate committee on foreign relations
Henry Cabot Lodge
Author of "The Promise of American Life"
Herbet Croly
Treaty that ended WWI
Women's peace organization led by Jane Adams
Women's Internaitonal League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
Location of a huge WILPF meeting
Zurich, Switzerland
policy in which a nation avoids both political alliances and economic relationships with other nations
Head of the United Mine Workers during the 1919 strike
John Lewis
U.S. Attorney General who secured a court order claiming that the strike was illegal
A. Mitchell Palmer
companies introduced pernsions, cafeterias, paid vacations, profit-sharing plans, and other company-sponsored programs through this policy
welfare capitalism
the idea of a communist takeover of the government
red scare
Chief of the General Intelligence Division of the Justice Department and future director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
organization formed by Palmer's enemies to challenge the constitutionality of laws that violated the Bill of Rights
American Civil Liberties Union
low-rent urban hispanic communities
court case convicting two questionably guilty Italian immigrants of murder
Sacco-Vanzetti case
neighborhood in NEw York City that attracted many black southern immigrants
segregated slum with overcrowding, housing shortages, and rising rents
Jamaican immigrant who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and called for black solidarity

Sold tickets back to Africa for the Black Star Line Steamship company, but never took anyone to Africa
Marcus Garvey
Discriminating organization of whites who supported violence in the midwest and south
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
Constitutional amendment that banned the sale, transportation, etc. of alcohol
18th amendment (Prohibition)
legislation that provided exceptions to teh 18th amendment
Volstead ACt
head of Chicago's enormous crime syndicate
Al Capone
belief in a literal interpretation of the Bible
trial that exposed the intolerance common in the United States, refuting the teaching of evolution in public schools
Scopes Trial
Prosecuting attorney in the Scopes Trial
Clarence Darrow
Defense attorney in the Scopes Trial
William Jennings Bryant
Senator from Ohio who became a really boring president in 1920
Warren G. Harding
Secretary of the Interior who leased government-owned properties to private business interests
Albert Fall
The most famous of the scandals during Harding's administration, involving Fall and the oil-rich areas in Wyoming
Teapot Dome Scandal
Man who took office after Harding's sudden death and did "hosue cleaning" of the administration
Calvin Coolidge
Democratic candidate for the 1924 election who was largely unknown and a compromise between the supporters and attackers of the KKK
John Davis
Democratic candidate for the 1928 election, New York governor who represented urban America
Al Smith
amendment giving women the right to vote
19th amendment
engineer who was hailed as the champion of mass production
Frederick Taylor
business approach that focused on efficiency and speed
scientific management
self-taught Michigan mechanic who symbolized the new methods of mass production in the 1920s
Henry Ford
city that became the center of the automobile industry
Detroit, Michigan
payment plan in which a customer made an initial down payment and then spread the balance out over several months
installment plan
New York Yankee home run king
Babe Ruth
woman who swam the English Channel in record time
Gertrude Ederle
sensational newspapers that emerged during the 1920s
first person to fly nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean
Charles Lindbergh
Central California's moviemaking city (hmm, I wonder)
Popular film star clown
Charlie Chaplin
The first "talkie"
The Jazz Singer
African American actor who became a huge success
Paul Robeson
symbol of a revolution in morals
psychologist who was largely misinterpreted by flappers and others of the 1920s
Sigmund Freud
WOman who led the battle for birth control
Margaret Sanger
famous music hall and its location
Grand Ole Opry
Nashville, TN
Four famous Lost Generation authors and what they wrote
F. Scott Fitzgerald (The Great Gatsby, Tender is the Night, This Side of Paradise)

Ernest Hemingway: The Sun Also Rises

Sinclair Lewis: Main Street, Babbit, Arrowsmith, Elmer Gantry

William Faulkner: The Sound and the Fury
Poet who wrote The Waste Lan and The Hollow Men
T.S. Elliot
Two famous Lost Generation artists
Georgia O'Keefe

Edward Hopper
black cultural movement
Harlem Renaissance
Black poet who... was important
Langston Hughes
City famous for its jazz music
New Orleans
Two famous black jazz musicians
Louis Armstrong

Duke Ellington
Two female black jazz singers
Bessie Smith

Ma Rainey
senators who refused to agree with the Versailles Treaty
economist who served as the international sectretary-treasurer of the WILPF
Emily Greene-Balch
legislation that helped the U.S. build an army for World War I
Selective Service ACt