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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why was there a growth in the demand for books toward the end of the Middle Ages/Beginning of the Renaissance?
people were generally interested in learning/owning books (as a status symbol)
the first printing press was adapted from ___________
a press used to press grapes into wine
2 artists who wrote about proportions of letters for Scribes
Leonardo DaVinci and Albrect Dürer
Who developed the art of printing in Europe? When? Where?
- Johann Gutenberg
- 1450
- Mainz, Germany
name and define three other inventions developed and refined by Gutenberg
1. refined oil-based ink that was tacky enough to stick to the metal letters, yet released onto the paper. [upgrade from egg white tempera]
2. the two-part precision mold, allowed casting of letters that were precisely the same height and depth.
3. The Galley, a metal frame for holding type in place on the press bed. The Chase, an adjustable locking device used for locking type in place on the press.
______________ is the lettering style that the earliest printed type was based on
Gothic Textura
why is the invention of printing considered one of the first uses of mass production?
the production of the book was broken down into a series of tasks, and a craftsman did not make an entire book from beginning to end.
Name the first printed book using moveable, reusable type
Gutenberg's 42 Line Bible
who threw out the first printer out of his workshop and stole the proceeds of the sale of the books?
Who designed the typeface "Old Face" that was popular in England for hundreds of years?
Who printed the first paperback book?
Aldus Manutius
Who printed the first book in English?
Victorian type was used predominantly for...
posters, ads, packaging, etc.
___________ created the first paperback, small scale book for individual use
Aldus Manutius
____________ designed the first italic font
__________ designed script typefaces based on the handwriting of the day
_____________ is considered the first publisher; published classic Greek and Roman text for students
Aldus Manutius
____________ cut the punches for the Romaine du Roi
__________ was known as the first typefounder
___________ was known as the first type designer, seperate from the first type punch cutter
___________ designed the first sans serif font
Caslon IV
__________ designed the first pure Roman typeface that helped the move away from Gothic fonts
_____________ was the name given to the first 50 years after the invention of printing when there were lots of printing innovations
_______________ was the name of the font designed for early typewriters
Printing in the colonies was...
fuel to the Revolution.
Victorian type is recognized as...
Ornamented and Flourished
_________ is the term for the casting of two characters that are joined on the same piece of lead
__________ is the term for the tightening of letter-spacing between characters
__________ was responsible for the move of workers from the fields to the cities
the Industrial Revolution
___________ allowed paper to be made using wood pulp, on machines...rather by hand
Foundrinier's Roll Machine
___________ determined that structure and proportions for the Romain du Roi using a grid of 6304 squares.
The French Academy of Sciences, or Phillipe Grandjean
_________ requires the ink to be spread into the recesses of the plate; can only give a limited # of impressions.
Copperplate engraving
allows the ink to sit on top of the raised metal letters
Letterpress Printing
hardened steel original version of the letter that is used to make the impression into the brass plate
the soft brass plate that the cut version of the letter is hammered into
the typeface of the first printed book
Gothic Textura
printing press innovation by Baskerville
hot pressed paper
A style in France, known for so much decoration that the initial caps are tough to read
Rococo type
were the same character in early English
U and V
name given to early typewriters
Practical Writing Machines
designed Oldstyle typeface
designed a Transitional typeface
designed a Modern style typeface
Bodoni or Didot
developed the first typewriter
William Austin Burt
first applied the steam engine to the printing press