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15 Cards in this Set

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a sort romantic piano piece that portrays a particular mood
character piece
a musical style employing all or may of the twelve notes of the chromatic scale much of the time
chromaticism
german for "song"; also a special genre of Romantic songs with piano
lied
a term for a short, evocative composition for piano or for piano and voice, composed in the Romantic period
miniature
changing key within a piece
modulation
a short fragment of melody or rhythm used in constructinga long section of music
motive
a 19th century movement promoting music built an national folk songs and dances, or associated with national subjects
nationalism
"night piece"
nocturne
a piece of instrumental music associated with a story or other extramusical idea
program music
"robbed" time; the free treatment of meter in performance
rubato
a form developed by beethoven from the minuet to use for movements in larger compositions;later sometimes used alone, as by chopin
scherzo
a group of songs connected by a general idea or story, and sometimes also by musical unifying devices
song cycle
a song in several stanzas, with the same music sung for each stanza;as opposed to through-composed song
strophic
a piece of orchestral program music in one long movement
symphonic poem
a song with new music for each stanza of the poem;as opposed to strophic song
through-composed