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28 Cards in this Set

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cirrohis
Cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease characterized by hepatomegaly, edema, ascites (fluid in the abdomen), and jaundice. Progression of the disease leads to internal bleeding, and brain damage caused by changes in the blood's composition
splenomegaly
and the formation of varices (varicose veins) in the distal portion of the esophagus with possible hemorrhage. The main cause of cirrhosis is the excess consumption of alcohol.
Gallstones
Cholelithiasis refers to the presence of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts, which is usually associated with cholecystitis, inflammation of the gallbladder. Cholelithiasis is characterized by biliary colic (pain) in the right upper quadrant (RUQ), nausea, and vomiting
Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas, may result from alcohol abuse, drug toxicity, bile obstruction, infections, and other causes. Blood tests in acute pancreatitis show increased levels of the enzymes amylase and lipase. Glucose and bilirubin levels may also be elevated. Often the disease subsides with only treatment of the symptoms.
appendicitisa-pen-di-SĪ-tis
Inflammation of the appendix
Ascitesa-SI--te-z
Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity; a form of edema. May be caused by heart disease, lymphatic or venous obstruction, cirrhosis, or changes in plasma composition.
biliary colicBIL-ē-ar-e- KOL-ik
Acute abdominal pain caused by gallstones in the bile ducts
bilirubinbil-i-RŪ-bin
A pigment released in the breakdown of hemoglobin from red blood cells; mainly excreted by the liver in bile
celiac diseaseSĒ-lē-ak
Inability to absorb foods containing gluten, a protein found in wheat and some other grains; caused by an excess immune response to gluten
Endocardium
a thin membrane that lines the chambers and valves (the prefix endo- means “within
Myocardium
the thick muscle layer that makes up most of the heart wall (the root my/o means “muscle
Epicardium
thin membrane that covers the heart (the prefix epi- means “on
pericardium
contains the heart and anchors it to surrounding structures, such as the sternum (breastbone) and diaphragm (the prefix peri- means “around”)
atrium (plural: atria
Each of the upper receiving chambers of the heart
cardiovascular system
The system that includes the heart and blood vessels.
myocardium
The thick, muscular layer of the heart wall is the
ventricles
The lower chambers of the heart are the
artery
A vessel that carries blood away from the heart is a(n
lymphatic system
The tonsils, spleen, thymus and nodes are part of the
myocardial infarction
The medical term for a “heart attack” is
atherosclerosis
The accumulation of fatty deposits in the lining of a vessel is called
leukemia
A neoplasm involving overgrowth of white blood cells
anemia
A deficiency of hemoglobin
antibodies
Substances produced by immune cells that counteract microorganisms and other foreign materials
lymphocytes
The white blood cells active in adaptive immunity
blood clotting; coagulation
Platelets, or thrombocytes, are involved
leukocytes
The scientific name for white blood cells
erythrocytes
The scientific name for red blood cells