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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
civilization
a centralized society with developed forms of religion, ways of governing and learning
technology
the skills and knowledge to make prouducts or meet goals
ziggurat
a huge mud brick temple built by the ancient summerians
government
an organized system that groups use to make laws and decisions
city-state
a city and its surrounding farmlands, with its own leaders and government
monarchy
a system in government in which one person has complete authority
authority
the right to command or influence
surplus
an extra supply
merchants
a person who buys and sells for a living
social classes
groups with different levels of importance
scribe
a person who writes
innovation
a new way of doing things
conquer
take over
empire
a conquered land of many people and places governed by one ruler
emperor
the ruler of an empire
taxation
the practice of requiring people to pay taxes to support a government
code of Hammurabi
the collection of laws compiled by Hammurabi for the people of babylon to follow
equal justice
fair treatment under the law
monotheism
a belief in one god
covenant
an agreement
Ten Commandments
a set of laws for responsible behavior,which,according to the bible, were given to Moses by God
Judaism
the religion of the Jewish people
Torah
Jewish scriptures; the first five books of the bible
colony
a settlement seperate from, but under the control of,a home country
cultural diffusion
the spread of ideas from one place to others
barter
the exchange of one good or service for another
money economy
an economic system based on the use of money rather than on barter