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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
cognitive skills and specific knowledge of information acquired over a lifetime; it depends heavily on education and tends to remain stable over the lifetime.
CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCE
a cognitive schema (mental network) of knowledge, beliefs, metaphors, and expectations about what it means to be male or female.
GENDER SCHEMA
in Piaget's theory, mental actions that are cognitively reversable.
OPERATIONS
the understanding, which develops late in the first year, that an object continues to exist even when you cannot see it or touch it.
OBJECT PERMANENCE
a child's first word combinations, which omit (as a telegram did) unnecessary words.
TELEGRAPHIC SPEECH
the onset of menstruation.
MENARCHE
a method of child rearing in which the parent uses punishment and authority to correct the child's misbehavior.
POWER ASSERTION
in primates, the innate pleasure derived from close physical contact; it is the basis of an infant's first attachment.
CONTACT COMFORT
the process by which children learn the behaviors, attitudes, and expectations required of them by their society or culture.
SOCIALIZATION
a method of child rearing in which the parent appeals to the child's own resources, abilities, sense of responsibility, and feelings for others in correcting the child's misbehavior.
INDUCTION
according to many psyhcholinguists, an innate mental module that allows young children to develop language if they are exposed to an adequate sampling of conversation.
LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE
the fundamental sense of being male or female; it is independent of whether the person conforms to the social and cultural rules of gender.
GENDER IDENTITY
the age at which a person becomes capable of sexual reproduction.
PUBERTY
the process by which children learn the abilities, interests, personality traits, and behaviors associated with being masculine or feminine in their cultures.
GENDER TYPING
in Piaget's theory, the process of absorbing new information into existing cognitive structures.
ASSIMILATION
the capacity for deductive reasoning and the ability to use new information to solve problems; it is relatively independent of education and tends to decline in old age.
FLUID INTELLIGENCE
the cessation of menstruation and of the production of ova; it is usually a gradual process lasting up to several years.
MENOPAUSE
the distress that most children develop, at about 7 or 9 months of age, when their primary caregivers temporarily leave them with strangers or in a new situation; it varies according to cultural practices.
SEPERATION ANXIETY
in Piaget's theory, the process of modifying existing cognitive structures in response to experience and new information.
ACCOMMODATION
seeing the world from only your own point of view; the inability to take another person's perspective.
EGOCENTRIC THINKING
the understanding that the physical properties of objects- such as the number of items in a cluster or the amount of liquid in a glass- can remain the same even when their form or appearance changes.
CONVERSATION