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285 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aden/o
gland
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
chem/o
chemical
cis/o
to cut
dermat/o
skin
enter/o
small intestines
gastr/o
stomach
gynec/o
female
hemat/o
blood
hydr/o
water
immun/o
immune
laryng/o
voice box
morph/o
shape
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
ophthalm/o
eye
ot/o
ear
path/o
disease
pulmon/o
lung
rhin/o
nose
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
adenopathy
gland disease
carcinoma
cancerous tumor
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
chemotherapy
treatment with chemicals
incision
process of cutting into
dermatology
study of the skin
enteric
pertaining to the small intestines
gastric
pertaining to the stomach
gynecology
study of females
hematic
pertaining to the blood
hydrocele
protrusion of water (in the scrotum)
immunology
study of immunity
laryngeal
pertaining to the voice box
morphology
study of shape
nephromegaly
enlarged kidney
neural
pertaining to a nerve
ophthalmic
pertaining to the eye
otic
pertaining to the ear
pathology
study of disease
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
urology
study of the urinary tract
a-
without, away from
an-
without
ante-
before, in front of
anti-
against
auto-
self
brady-
slow
dys-
painful, difficult
endo-
within, inner
epi-
upon, over
eu-
normal, good
hetero-
different
homo-
same
hydro-
water
hyper-
over, above
hypo-
under, below
infra-
under, beneath, below
inter-
among, between
intra-
within, inside
aphasia
without speech
anoxia
without oxygen
antepartum
before birth
antibiotic
against life
autograft
a graft from one's own body
bradycardia
slow heartbeat
dyspnea
painful breathing
endoscope
instrument to view within
epigastric
upon or over the stomach
eupnea
normal breathing
heterograft
a graft from another person's body
homozygous
having two identical genes
hydrotherapy
water therapy
hypertrophy
overdevelopment
hypoglossal
under the tongue
infraorbital
below, under the eye socket
intervertebral
between the vertebrae
intravenous
inside, within a vein
macro-
large
macrocephalic
having a large head
micro-
small
microcephalic
having a small head
neo-
new
neonate
newborn
pan-
all
pancarditis
inflammation of all the heart
para-
beside, beyond, near
paranasal
near or alongside the nose
per-
through
percutaneous
through the skin
peri-
around
pericardial
around the heart
post-
after
postpartum
after birth
pre-
before, in front of
prefrontal
in front of the frontal bone
pseudo-
false
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
retro-
backward, behind
retrograde
movement in a backwards direction
sub-
below, under
subcutaneous
under, below the skin
super-
above, excess
supernumerary
above the normal number
supra-
above
suprapubic
above the pubic bone
tachy-
rapid, fast
tachycardia
fast heartbeat
trans-
through, across
transurethral
across the urethra
ultra-
beyond, excess
ultrasound
high frequency sound waves
bi-
two
bilateral
two sides
di-
two
diplegic
paralysis of two extremities
hemi-
half
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side/half of the body
mono-
one
monoplegia
paralysis of one extremity
multi-
many
multigravida
woman pregnant more than once
nulli-
none
nulligravida
woman with no pregnancies
poly-
many
polyuria
large amounts of urine
quad-
four
quadriplegia
paralysis of all four extremities
semi-
partial, half
semiconscious
partially conscious
tri-
three
triceps
muscle with three heads
uni-
one
unilateral
one side
carditis
inflammation of the heart
dystrophy
abnormal development
-algia
pain
gastralgia
stomach pain
-cele
hernia, protrusion
cystocele
protrusion of the bladder
-cise
cut
excise
to cut out
-dynia
pain
cardiodynia
heart pain
-ectasis
dilatation
bronchiectasis
dilated bronchi
-ectopia
displacement
corectopia
pupil of the eye not centered
-gen
that which produces
mutagen
that which produces mutations
-genesis
produces, generates
osteogenesis
produces bone
-genic
producing
carcinogenic
producing cancer
-ia
state, condition
hemiplegia
condition of being half paralyzed
-iasis
abnormal condition
lithiasis
abnormal condition of stones
-ism
state of
hypothyroidism
state of low thyroid
-itis
inflammation
cellulitis
inflammation of cells
-logist
one who studies
cardiologist
one who studies the heart
-logy
study of
cardiology
study of the heart
-lysis
destruction
osteolysis
bone destruction
-malacia
abnormal softening
chondromalacia
abnormal cartilage softening
-megaly
enlargement, large
cardiomegaly
enlarged heart
-oma
tumor, mass
carcinoma
cancerous tumor
-osis
abnormal condition
cyanosis
abnormal condition of being blue
-pathy
disease
myopathy
muscle disease
-plasia
development, growth
dysplasia
abnormal development
-plasm
formation, development
neoplasm
new formation
-ptosis
drooping
proctoptosis
drooping rectum
-rrhage
excessive, abnormal flow
hemorrhage
excessive bleeding
-rrhea
discharge, flow
rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose
-rrhexis
rupture
hysterorrhexis
ruptured uterus
-sclerosis
hardening
arteriosclerosis
hardening of an artery
-stenosis
narrowing
angiostenosis
narrowing of a vessel
-therapy
treatment
chemotherapy
treatment with chemicals
-trophy
nourishment, development
hypertrophy
excessive development
-uria
condition of the urine
hematuria
blood in the urine
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-an
pertaining to
-ar
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-eal
pertaining to
-iac
pertaining to
-ic
pertaining to
-ical
pertaining to
-ile
pertaining to
-ior
pertaining to
-ory
pertaining to
-ose
pertaining to
-ous
pertaining to
-tic
pertaining to
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
duodenal
pertaining to the duodenum
ovarian
pertaining to the ovary
ventricular
pertaining to a ventricle
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
esophageal
pertaining to the esophagus
chondriac
pertaining to cartilage
gastric
pertaining to the stomach
neurological
pertaining to the study of the nerves
penile
pertaining to the penis
superior
pertaining to above
auditory
pertaining to hearing
adipose
pertaining to fat
intravenous
pertaining to within a vein
acoustic
pertaining to hearing
-centesis
puncture to withdraw fluid
-ectomy
surgical removal
-ostomy
surgically create an opening
-otomy
cutting into
-pexy
surgical fixation
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
arthrocentesis
puncture to withdraw fluid from a joint
gastrectomy
surgically remove the stomach
colostomy
surgically create an opening for the colon through the abdominal wall
thoracotomy
cutting into the chest
nephropexy
surgical fixation of a kidney
dermatoplasty
surgical repair of the skin
myorrhaphy
suture together muscle
-gram
record or picture
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
-meter
instrument for measuring
-metry
process of measuring
-scope
instrument for viewing
-scopy
process of visually examining
electrocardiogram
record of heart's electricity
electrocardiograph
instrument for recording the heart's electrical activity
electrocardiography
process of recording the heart's electrical activity
audiometer
instrument to measure hearing
audiometry
process of measuring hearing
gastroscope
instrument to view stomach
gastroscopy
process of visually examining the stomach
hysterosalpingectomy
ermoval of both the uterus and the fallopian tubes
ileum
small intestine
ilium
hip bone
plural for -a
-ae
plural for -ax
-aces
plural for -ex or -ix
-ices
plural for -is
-es
plural for -ma
-mata
plural for -nx
-nges
plural for -on
-ia
plural for -us
-ei
plural for -um
-a
plural for -y
-ies
History and Physical
Written or dictated by the admitting physician; details the patient's history, results of the physician's examination, initial diagnoses, and physician's plan of treatment
Physician's Orders
A complete list of the care, medications, tests, and treatments the physician orders for the patient
Nurse's Notes
Record of the patient's care throughout the day; includes vital signs, treatment specifics, patient's response to treatment, and patient's condition
Physician's Progress Notes
The physician's daily record of the patient's condition, results of the physician's examinations, summary of test results, updated assessment and diagnoses, and further plans for the patient's care
Consultation Reports
The report given by a specialist whom the physician has asked to evaluate the patient
Ancillary Reports
Reports from the various treatments and therapies the patient has received, such as rehabilitation, social services, or respiratory therapy
Diagnostic Reports
Results of all diagnostic tests performed on the patient, principally from the lab and medical imaging (for example, X-rays and ultrasound)
Informed Consent
A document voluntarily signed by the patient or a responsible party that clearly describes the purpose, methods, procedures, benefits, and risks of a diagnostic or treatment procedure
Operative Report
Report from the surgeon detailing an operation; includes a pre- and postoperative diagnosis, specific details of the surgical procedure itself, and how the patient tolerated the procedure
Anesthesiologist's Report
Relates the details regarding the drugs given to a patient, the patient's response to anesthesia, and vital signs during surgery
Pathologist's Report
The report given by a pathologist who studies tissue removed from the patient (for example, bone marrow, blood, or tissue biopsy)
Discharge Summary
A comprehensive outline of the patient's entire hospital stay; includes condition at time of admission, admitting diagnosis, test results, treatments and patient's response, final diagnosis, and follow-up plans