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50 Cards in this Set

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A design line that is used as a length guide for sculpting graduated, layered and square combination forms is referred to as:

stable
curved
stationary
mobile (traveling)
Mobile (traveling).

A mobile design line is used to sculpt graduated and layered forms and square combination forms.
A trimmer, also known as an edger, is a tool used to:

create beveling
part and distribute the hair
outline and refine the hairline
create short lengths within the form
Outline and refine the hairline.

Small clippers, known as trimmers or edgers, are used to outline and refine the hairline, beard, mustache and sideburn areas.
Which of the following growth patterns forms from a point at the front hairline and curves to one side?

whorl
fringe
cowlick
widow's peak
Widow's peak.

A widow's peak is a prominent hair growth pattern that forms from a point at the front hairline and curves to one side.
The technique used to position the shears parallel to the comb while moving both upward in unison is called:

slithering
bevel-up
slide cutting
shear-over-comb
Shear-over-comb.

Whether using straight shears or taper shears, the shears are positioned parallel to the comb and both the shears and the comb move upward in unison.
When sculpting with a razor, all of the following results are achieved EXCEPT:

ends are tapered
softer appearance to hair
a diffused form line appears
regular alternation of short and long lengths
Regular alternation of short and long lengths.

A razor produces tapering or an angled effect on the end of each strand, which results in more mobility and a softer, somewhat diffused form line.
A weight area in a graduated form could be described as a:

natural projection
section of the head
concentration of layers
concentration of lengths
Concentration of lengths.

A stationary design line is used to sculpt solid and increase-layered forms and to achieve a weight area (concentration of lengths) in graduated forms.
What type of distribution results in a 90-degree angle from its parting?

shifted
parallel
nonparallel
perpendicular
Perpendicular.

With perpendicular distribution, the hair is combed at a 90-degree angle from its base parting.
All of the following are true about the uniformly layered form EXCEPT:

circular shape
activated texture
same length throughout
rectangular or oval shape
Rectangular or oval shape.

The uniformly layered form has consistent lengths throughout the design, a circular shape and produces a totally activated texture with no noticeable weight.
When using electric clippers, the attachment that allows the hair to be sculpted at the same length is the:

taper
razor
guard
trimmer
Guard.

The size of the guard enables you to consistently sculpt the hair at the same length.
Texturizing reduces bulk without:

lengthening the hair
adding volume to the hair
adding additional movement to the hair
shortening the overall length appearance of the hair
Shortening the overall length appearance of the hair.

Texturizing reduces bulk without shortening the overall length appearance of the hair.
A technique performed on the ends of the hair to reduce bulk, allow for mobility, soften the ends and blend weight lines is called:

slithering
razor rotation
end texturizing
base texturizing
End texturizing.

End texturizing, which is performed on the ends of the hair, reduces bulk and weight to allow for mobility.
What form would result from using a 180-degree angle cut?

solid
graduated
increase-layered
uniformly layered
Increase-layered.

An increase-layered form is also referred to as a shag or 180-degree angle cut.
Sculpting shorter lengths within the form to reduce bulk and create support and mobility is called:

outlining
texturizing
distribution
cross-checking
Texturizing.

Texturizing involves sculpting shorter lengths within the form or at the perimeter to reduce bulk and create support, closeness, fullness, mobility and visual texture in the hair sculpture.
Which tool controls short perimeter lengths when sculpting against the skin?

razor
trimmer
cutting comb
taper/contour comb
Taper/contour comb.

The taper/contour or barber comb allows you to sculpt as close to the scalp as possible and can be positioned against the skin.
To accommodate a growth pattern such as a widow's peak, cowlick or whorl when sculpting the hair, which of the following statements would apply?

sculpt the hair in the growth pattern area shorter
sculpt the hair on a diagonal line with 90-degree projection
allow additional length in the growth pattern area
perform heavy texturizing in the growth pattern area
Allow additional length in the growth pattern area.

With natural growth patterns, strong patterns may cause the hair to "stand up" if the hair is sculpted too short.
The apex refers to what part of the head?

top
side
front
bottom
Top.

The apex refers to the top or highest point of the head.
Infection control procedures include sweeping and disposing of cut hair:

at the end of the day
after the client pays for the service
after performing a blow dry service
prior to performing the air forming service
Prior to performing the air forming service.

Sweep and dispose of sculpted hair prior to performing an air forming service.
The outer boundary or silhouette of any shape or form is known as the:

structure
form line
structure graphic
normal projection
Form line.

Identify the basic form or shape by simply observing the outer boundary or silhouette known as the form line.
The moveable blade of the shears is controlled by the:

still blade
thumb grip
hand screw
finger brace
Thumb grip.

Insert the tip of your thumb into the thumb grip to control the moveable blade.
Which of the following terms identifies the technique used to check the accuracy of a hair design by using the opposite parting pattern?

parting
sectioning
texturizing
cross-checking
Cross-checking.

Cross-checking is the final stage in sculpting, in which the accuracy of the sculpture is checked by using the line opposite the original parting pattern.
Projecting the hair below 90 degrees would:

build weight
remove bulk
remove weight
shorten lengths
Build weight.

Projecting below 90-degrees builds weight.
An angle of 45-degrees would be considered what type of projection?
low
medium
high
very high
Medium.

Between 30 and 60 degrees is considered medium projection.
A layered cut or 90-degree cut is known as a(n):

solid form
graduated form
increase-layered form
uniformly layered form
Uniformly layered form.

A uniformly layered form is sometimes referred to as a layered cut or 90-degree angle cut.
In activated texture broken lines with exposed ends are visible on what area of the hair?

root
surface
cortex
medulla
Surface.

If the surface has broken lines with exposed ends, the texture is activated.
Which line is considered to be the artistic pattern or length guide while sculpting hair?

crest line
design line
elevation line
projection line
Design line.

A design line is the artistic pattern or length guide used while sculpting and can be stationary or mobile.
Which of the following angles best represents low projection (elevation)?

0 to 30 degrees
30 to 60 degrees
90 to 180 degrees
180 to 240 degrees
0 to 30 degrees.

Angles between 0 and 30 degrees are considered to be low projection.
An uneven effect results when sculpting hair that is:

completely wet
completely dry
chemically treated
partly wet and partly dry
Partly wet and partly dry.

Sculpting hair partly wet and partly dry will result in an uneven effect.
As it sculpts hair, the moveable blade of the clipper moves:

up and down
to the left only
to the right only
from side to side
From side to side.

The moveable blade of the clippers moves in a side-to-side motion as it sculpts the hair.
The graduated form is sometimes referred to as a wedge cut or a(n):
bob
shag
0-degree angle cut
45-degree angle cut
40-degree angle cut.

A graduated form is sometimes referred to as a wedge cut or 45-degree angle cut.
A technique that is performed by gliding the open shears along the surface of the hair to achieve mobility is called:

slicing
outlining
expansion tapering
clipper-over-comb
Slicing.

The slicing technique is performed by gliding the open shears along the surface of the hair to achieve mobility.
A sculpting technique commonly used to define the perimeter hairline such as the nape is known as:

outlining
texturizing
overcombing
expansion tapering
Outlining.

Outlining the hair is a sculpting technique used to define the perimeter hairline.
To perform a bevel-under effect, the blade is positioned behind the section of the hair and moved in:
long strokes
curved strokes
a side-to-side motion
a back-and-forth motion
Curved strokes.

To encourage a bevel-under, or turned-under effect, the blade is positioned behind the section of hair and moved in curved strokes.
A stationary design line is a guide to which all lengths are directed and is:

stable
moveable
texturized
midstrand
Stable.

A stationary design line is a constant, stable guide to which all lengths are directed.
Which finger should be placed in the finger grip to control the still blade when holding shears?

ring
pinky
index
thumb
Ring.

Insert your ring finger or third finger into the finger grip to control the still blade.
Taper shears, also known as thinning shears, are used on the ends of the hair to:

reduce bulk
create precise lines
create a clean, blunt edge
create a broom-like effect
Reduce bulk.

Taper shears are used on the hair to reduce bulk and create mobility.
The term used to describe dividing the head into workable areas for the purpose of control is called:

designing
parting
sectioning
positioning
Sectioning.

Sectioning involves dividing the hair into workable areas for the purpose of control.
Which of the following sculpting tools is used to create a clean, blunt edge?

razor
shears
clippers
taper shears
Shears.

Shears, also called straight shears, produce a clean, blunt edge.
The technique that creates irregular lengths for a chunkier effect is called:

slicing
etching
pointing
notching
Notching.

The notching technique creates irregular lengths, usually for a chunkier texture along the hair ends.
Which basic form consists of hair lengths that progress from shorter in the exterior to longer in the interior and is referred to as a one-length cut?

solid
graduated
increase-layered
uniformly layered
Solid.


solid
graduated
increase-layered
uniformly layered
The area below the occipital is referred to as the:

nape
crest
crown
perimeter
Nape.

The area below the occipital is the nape.
The term used to describe the hair as the lengths lay or fall naturally over the curve of the head is:

anatomy
natural fall
structure graphic
normal projection
Natural fall.

Natural fall describes the hair as the lengths lay or fall naturally over the curve of the head.
Which head position produces shorter lengths in the nape and longer surface lengths, creating an under-bevel effect?

upright
tilted back
tilted forward
tilted to the side
Tilted forward.

Sculpting with the head forward produces hair lengths that are shorter in the nape, and longer surface lengths.
What term, also known as elevation, describes the angle at which the hair is held in relation to the curve of the head prior to sculpting?

slithering
projection
texturizing
cross-checking
Projection.

Projection, also known as elevation, is the angle at which the hair is held in relation to the curve of the head prior to and while sculpting.
To maintain control of the hair, which of the following hair types should be texturized the greater distance from the scalp?

fine hair
blonde hair
coarse hair
medium
Coarse hair.

When coarse hair is texturized too close to the scalp, the shorter lengths will not blend with the surface hair, creating an uneven, spiked effect.
To allow for more control and the shrinkage factor, very curly hair should be texturized while it is:

dry
wet
damp
processing
Dry.

Curly hair should be texturized while it is dry to allow for more control and the shrinkage factor.
As a general rule, coarse hair should be texturized at least:

1/2" (1.25 cm) from the scalp
1" (2.5 cm) from the scalp
1 1/2" (3.75 cm) from the scalp
2" (5.0 cm) from the scalp
1 1/2" (3.75 cm) from the scalp.

As a general rule, coarse hair should be texturized at least 1 1/2" (3.75 cm) away from the scalp.
What determines the size of the parting when sculpting hair?

color
length
texture
density
Density.

The size of the parting is determined by the density of the hair.
To hold the comb and shears in the same hand without jeopardizing the client's safety, release the thumb grip and:

close your palm over the shears
close your fingers over the finger grip
wrap your thumb around the finger grip
wrap your fingers tightly around the blade
Close your palm over the shears.

"Palm" your shears by releasing the thumb grip and closing your palm over the shears to prevent jeopardizing your client's safety.
The widest area around the head is known as the:

crest area
interior area
parietal area
exterior area
Crest.

The crest area, which is the widest area around the head, divides the interior from the exterior.
The foundation for all other hair services is:

color
texture
porosity
sculpture
Sculpture.

The foundation for all other hair services is sculpture.