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38 Cards in this Set

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Macrosociology
places the focus on broad features of society.
microsociology
focus on face-to face interaction
Social Interaction
What people do when they come together
Social structure
refers to the type of patterns of a group such as usual relationships between men women, or there teachers.
Social Class
Large numbers of people who have similar amounts of income and work at jobs that are roughly comparable in prestige make up
Status
to refer to the position that one occupies
status set
refers to all the statuses or positions that you occupy.
Achieved statuses
Are voluntary. What you earn or accomplish
Status symbols
signs that identify status
Master status
Cuts accross the other statuses that you hold
status inconsitancy
people who have a conradiction between there statuses.
Roles
the behaviors, obligations, and privlages attached to status.
Group
consist of people who reguarly interact with one another.
Social Institutions
the ways that each society develops to meet its basic needs-vitally effect your life
Hunting and Gathering societis
societies with the fewest social divisions.
Pastoral societies
herding societies- are based on the pasturing of animials. Groups that remain nomadic.
Horticultural societies
Gardening socieities- are based on the cultivation of plants by the use of hand tools.
Agricultural society
people engaging in activities othe then farming to develop the things popuarly known as culture
Industrial revolution
Great Britain-1765 the steam engine was first used.
Industrial society
Brought fourth by the introduction of the steam engine. Indviduals who first used inventions gained great wealth.
Postindustrial or information society
refers to the new type of society one based on information,services, and the latest technology rather than on raw materials and manufacturing.
Bioeconomic society
An economy that centers on the application of genetic structures-both plant and animal-for the production of food and medicine
Social Integration
the degree to which members of a society are united by shared balues and other social bonds
Mechanical solidarity
people who perform similar task develop a shared conciousness, a sense of similarity that unites them into a common whole.
Divsion of Labor
how work is divided
Orgainic Solidarity
Although each person may perform a specific task each person must depend on eachother to complete the task as a sign of unity.
Geminschaft-intimate community
to describe village life, the type of society in which everyone knows everyone else.
Gesellshaft-impersonal association
people are not on a everyone knows everyones business type of situation
Dramaturgy-dramaturgical analysis
Social life is like a drama or a stage play. Birth ushers us onto the stage of everyday life and are socialization consist of learning to perform on that stage.
Impression management
effors to manage the impressions that others recieve
Role conflict
managing to avoid conflict by segragating our roles which in some instances can require inteste juggling act
Role strain
Sometimes the same role presents inherent conflict
Teamwork
Two or more people working together to make a certain performance goes off as planned
Face-saving behavior
When the performance doesnt come off quite right
ethomethodology
Is the study of how people use commonpsense understandings to make sense of everyday life
Background assumptions
Your ideas about the way life is and the way things ought to work
Thomas theorem
If people define situations as real, they are real in ther consequences
Social constrution of reality
Our society or the social groups to which we belong have there partiular views of life.