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46 Cards in this Set

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What is Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome?
Pulmonary insufficiency that occurs due to a number of bodily insults. Pathologic findings include alveolar and intestitial edema due to leaking capillaries.
Amdient Air?
Ambient Air is environmental or room air.
What is Anoxia?
Deficiency of oxygen
What is Apnea?
Absence of breathing.
Aspirated?
The taking of foreign material into the lungs during inhalation.
Breath Sounds?
Sound of air passing in and out of the respiratory passageways as heard iwth a stethoscope.
Carina?
Point at which the trachea divides (bifurcates, or separatesw into two sections) into the right and left mainstrem bronchi.
What is Cricothyroid Membrane?
Membrane situated between the cricoid and thyroid cartilages of the larynex.
What is Cyanosis?
Bluish color to the skin, seen with hypoxia.
What is the Diaphragm?
A wide muscular partition separating the thoracic, or chest, cavity, from the abdominal cavity. attatched to the lumbar vertebrae, the lower ribs, and the sternum, or breatbone. It slants upward, higher in the front than in the rea, and is dome-shaped when relaxed. Three major openings in the diaphragm allow passsage of the esophagus, aorta, veins, nerves, and lymphatic and thoracic ducts.
What is diffusion?
A passive process of molecules moving from an area of higher concentration to an area of lesser concentration.
What is Digitall intubation?
Intubation using the fingers
Dysrhythmia?
A disturbance in the normal rhythm of the heart.
Epiglottis?
asdf
Fibrosis?
Abnormal formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue framework of the lungs following inflammation or pneumonia and in pulmonary tuberculosis.
What is FIO2?
Percentage of oxygen in inspired air.
Gag Reflex
Retching or striving to vomit; it is a normal reflex triggered by touching of the soft palate or the throat.
Glottis?
The slitlike opening between the vocal cords.
Hypercarbia?
Excessive partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the blood.
What is Hypoventilation?
A reduced rate or depth of breathing, often resulting in an abnormal rise of carbon dioxide.
What is Hypoxemia?
Insufficient oxygenation of the blood.
What is Hyppoxia?
Hypoxia reduced oxygen supply to the cells.
What is Intrapulmonary Shunting?
The circulation of blood to nonventilated alveoli, which results in the blood having the same oxygen content as systemic venous blood.
Kyphoscoliosis?
Lateral curvature of the spine; can interfere with normal breathing.
Lateral?
Laterel means: To the side
Mandible?
The large bone forming the lower jaw.
Maxilla?
Maxilla - is one of a pair of large bones that form the upper jaw.
Minute Volume?
The volume of air exchanged in one minute.
Mucous Membrane
A thin layer of connective tissue lining many of the body cavities through which air passes; usually contains small, mucus-secreting glands. Mucus is a think, siippery sercretion that functions as a lubricant and protects various surfaces.
Nasal Septum?
An anatomic wall divinding the nostrils. It is made up of bone and cartilage covered by mucous membranes.
What is Occiput?
The posterior portion of the head.
What is Orotracheal?
Through the mouth.
Patent Airway?
An Open, unblocked airway.
Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide
(PCO2)
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Phonathon?
Process of generating sounds or speech with the vocal cords.
Partial Pressure of Oxygen (PO2)
160 mm Hg Atomospheric PO2 21% X760=160 rounded.
What is Red Blood Cells?
Round disks, concave on two sides, and approximately 7.5 thousandths of a millimeter in diameter.
Regurgitation?
A passive, backward flow of gastric contents from the stomach into the oropharynx. (throwing up)
Retraction?
The inward movement of the soft tissues of the chest, commonly the suprastrenal notch and the intercostal spaces. Usually assocated with respiratiory compromise or aiway obstruction.
Serous Membrane?
A two-layer epithelial membrane that lines body cavities and covers the surfaces of organs.
Snoring Breathing?
Noisy, raspy breathing usually with the mouth open
Stridor?
A High-pitched noise heard on inspiration.
Stylet?
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Subcutaneous Emphysema?
Presence of air beneath the skin (in the subcutaneous tissues), giving it a chrachteristic crackling sensation on palpation.
Tracheal Tugging?
Condition in which the Adam's apple appears to be pulled upward on inspiration. It occurs in the presence of airway obstruction.
What is Ventilation?
Breathing, moving air in and out of the lungs.