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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
absolute poverty
a minimum level of subsistence that no family should be expected to live below
achieved status
a social position that a person attains largely through his or her own efforts
ascribed status
a social position assigned to a person by society without regard for the person's unique talents or characteristics
area of common culture along the border between Mexico and the United States.
karl marx's term for the capitalist class, comprising the owners of the means of production
an economic system in which the means of production are held largely in private hands and the main incentive for econmic activity is the acumulation of profits
a hereditary rank, usually religiously dictated that tends to be fixed and immobile
a group of people that have a similar level of wealth and income
class consciousness
in karl marx's view, a subjective awareness held by members of a class regarding their common vested interests and need for collective political action to bring about social change
class system
a social ranking based primarily on economic position in which achieved characteristics can influence social mobility
closed system
a social system in which there is little or no possibility of individual social mobility
the maintenance of a political, social, economic and cultural domienance over a people by a foreign power for an extended period
corporate welfare
tax breaks, direct payments, and grants that the government makes to corporations
dependency theory
an approach to stratification that contends that industrialized nations continue to exploit developing countries for their own gain
dominant ideology
a set of cultural beliefs and practices that helps to maintain powerful social, economic and political interests