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126 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was good and bad when the Germanic Tribes invaded the Roman empire?
They lost some fo the Greco/Roman culture, but gained some Germanic ideas.
What were some of the new ideas?
A trial by ordeal was made. The blending of the Greco/Roman ideas, the Germanic ideas and the Christianity began a new civilization.
What happened in the years of 400-600?
Times were very hard, the Germanic tribes fought over territory. Many aspects of civilization was lost, trade collapsed, Cities disappeared as people moved to the countryside to survive. Literacy delcined, Latin disappeared and Romance languages developed.
Many small kingdoms whose boundaries changed often...
people were loyal to family and tribal leader, loyalites were local and personal, the roman catholic church was the only unifying force
who converted the germanic tribes
missionaries
who converted the anglo saxons in england
st. patrick
monasteries
was an island of stability in an unsafe place
abbots
led monasteries
abesses
led convents
what vow did monks have to make
a vow of chasitity, obediance, and poverty
Monks
maintained libraries and copied books (illuminated manuscripts), operated schools, and helped poor and sick
The rules St. Benedict made for the monks
1. should be a monk for life
2. srict schedulr for prayer, reading religious works, and physical work
3. moderate eating and drinking
Gregory I
He took on political power when he made a peace treaty with the Lombards who were threatening Rome. He implied that the pope was more important than the king
Christiandome
a spiritual kingdom of Christians led by the pope
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Clovis
He was the first important Frankish king, first king of the Merowingian dynasty.
Merowingian kings
when merowingian kings died his sons divided the land among themselves and would often fight eachother for it. By the 700's they were mere figureheads.
Domos
they were in charge of the royal palaces and estates. Unoficially they ran the govern.
Charles Martel
He was a major domo. He expanded the Irankish kingdom, defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours in 732. When he died his son Pepin followed him.
Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king so he approached the pope to help him. The pope needed help against the Lombards. He helped him defeat the Lombards and the pope crowned him king "by the grace of God." From there on kings felt they had religious powers.
Charlemagne
Great ruler for a long time, very tall, great deal of physical strength. Loved sports. Divided country into counties ran by counts. Spoke Latin and some Greek but couldnt write very well.
Great Warrior
1. Defeated Lombards in Italy & got parts of Italy.
2. Had to retreat when he fought the Muslims.
3. Defeated Avars in east
4. Took 30 years to defeat the Saxons and convert them to Christianity.
Revived Learning
1. Invited all scholars to his court and literate Jews.
2. Started school in his place.
3. Required all monasteries & Catherdrals to have shools for future monks, nuns and priests.
4. Monks developed a new type of writing: Carolingian miniscule- had lower case letters and spaces between the words.
the year 800
he was crowned king, when he was crowned king it increased the split between the east and west, and the split between the Catholic and Orthodox church.
Empire/ emperor
France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of Italy. his empire rivaled the Byzantine Empire in the east.
Louis the Pious
He took over after Charlemagne died. He was very religious but not a good ruler
Louis divided the empire into 3 parts
1. France
2. Parts of Germany, Italy
3. Rest of Germany