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18 Cards in this Set

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Pea-sized gland often referred to as the "master Gland"
Pituitary gland
Also known as the hypophysis
Pituitary gland
Stalklike projection that connects pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.
infundibulum
Two lobes of the pituitary gland.
anterior pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
The anterior pituitary gland is also know as the
adenohypophysis
Secreted by the anterior pituitary gland.
Also known as somatotropic hormone.
Regulates growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues.
Growth hormone (GH)
Hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland.
Stimulates normal growth and development of the adrenal cortex and the secretion of coricosteroids.
Adrenocorticotropi hormone (ACTH)
Hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland.
Promotes & maintains normal growth & development of the thyroid gland & Stimulates the secreations of the thyroid hormones.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone. (TSH)
Hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland.
Also known as prolactin.
Promotes the development of breasts during pregnancy & stimulates secreation of milk from breasts after deliver of baby.
Lactogenic hormone (LTH)
Hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland.
Stimulates secretion of estrogen and the production of eggs in female ovaries; stimulates production of sperm in the male testes.
Follicle-stimlating hormone (FSH)
Hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland.
Stimulates female ovualtion and the secreation of testosterone in the male.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland.
Controls intensity of pigmentation in pigmented cells of the skin.
Melanocyte-stimulatin hormone (MSH)
Another name for posterior pituitary gland.
neurohypophysis
Hormone secreted by posterior pituitary gland that decreases the excretion of large amounts of urine from the body by increasing the reabsorption of water by the renal tubules, helping to maintain the body's water balance.
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Another name for Antidiuretic hormone.
vasopressin
Hormone secreted by posterior pituitary gland.
Stimulates contractions of the uterus during childbirth and stimulates the release of milk from the breasts of lactating women in response to the suckling reflex of the infant.
Oxytocin (OT)
Tiny, pine cone-shaped gland located on the dorsal apect of the midbrain region.
Plays a part in supporting the body's biological clock.
Pineal gland
Hormone secreted by the pineal gland which is though to induce sleep.
melatonin