Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why do you need to organize text information
Some texts lack subheading

Some texts include details under multiple headings

Some material is better organized with graphic displays.
Let you know what a selection of text is about
smaller headings that divide the information in a headed section into smaller.
When to take notes?
-as you read the chapter
-After the lecture
-When you prepare for the exam.
How to take text notes
take written notes


modified block notes

marginal notes
help you focus your reading and can serve as recall cues for your highlighting
Modified-block notes
List all important details directly under each other.
condensed version of the information, generally written in sentence or paragraph form.
visual displays of text information
line map or wheel map
visual display of information drawn by adding lines or spokes that radiate out from a central hub.
Hierarchical maps
provide a top-down display of information
semantic webs
radiate from a central focal point
Core concept
main focus of the text material you plan to map.
graphic display of information that shows the similarities and differences of closely related information
How to review text notes
-Recite notes
-Replicate notes
-Recall Questions