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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
behavior that violates significant social norms
deviance
mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the rest of society
stigma
the social scientists who study criminal behavior
criminologists
views deviance as natural outgrowth of the values, norms, & structure of society
Strain Theory
situation taht arises when the norms of society are unclear or no longer applicable
anomie
explains deviance as a natural occurence
control theory
explains deviance as a learned behavior
cultural transmission
frequency & closeness of associations a person has by deviant & nondeviant individuals
differential association
people suspend their moral beliefs to commit deviant acts
techniques of neutralization
focuses on how individuals come to be identified as deviant
Labeling Theory
noncomfortity that goes undetected by those in authority
Primary deviance
results in individuals being labeled as deviant & accepting the label as true
Secondary deviance
process of labeling an individual as deviant
degradation
any act that is labeled as such by those in authority, is prohibited by law, & is punishable by the government
crime
describe offenses committed by individuals of high social status in the course of their proffesional lives
White-collar crime
police,courts,etc.
Criminal-Justice system
imprisonment, parole, probation, & community service used to punish criminals.
corrections
repeated criminal behavior
recidivism
murder, forcible rape, robbery & aggrevated assult
violent crimes
burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft & larson
crime against property
prostitution, illegal gambling, illegal durg use, & vagrancy
victimless crime
tax fraud,insider trading, misrepresentation, tax evasion,. price fix, political corruption..
White-collar crime
large-scale of proffesional criminals that controls some vice or bussiness through violence or threat of violence
Organized crime
power to decide who is actually arrested
police discretion
process of legal negotiation that allows an accused person to plead guilty to a lesser charge in return for a lighter sentence
plea barganing