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34 Cards in this Set

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medieval
referring to the Middle Ages in Europe or the period of history between ancient and modern times
frontier
sparsely populated, undeveloped area on the outskirts of a civilization
missi dominici
officials who administered the law
curriculum
formal course of study
feudalism
system of rule in which local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords
vassal
lesser lords
feudal contract
exchange of pledges between lords and vassals
fief
estate
knight
mounted warrior
tournament
mock battle
chivalry
code of conduct adopted by knights
troubadours
wandering poets
manor
lord's estate
serfs
peasants bound to the land
sacrament
sacred rites of the church
tithe
tax equal to one-tenth of their income
secular
worldly
papal supremacy
authority over all secular rulers
canon law
body of Church laws which applied to religious teachings
excommunication
punishment in which people could not receive sacraments or a proper Christian burial
interdict
punishment in which an entire town could not receive sacraments or a proper Christian burial
simony
selling of Church offices
friar
monks who traveled around Europe preaching to the poor
antisemitism
prejudice against Jews
charter
written document that set out the rights and privileges of the town
capital
money for investment
partnership
joining of merchants in an organization
bill of exchange
document allowing a person to deposit money in one city and withdraw it in another, thus making traveling a lot safer and easier
tenant farmers
people who paid rent for their land
guild
association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to protect their economic interests
apprentice
trainee
journeymen
salaried workers
usury
lending of money at interest
middle Class
merchant class between nobles and peasants