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27 Cards in this Set

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What is social problem solving?
The cognitive-behavioral process by which individuals understand problems in living and directing their efforts at finding solutions to them, according to the problem-solving model.
What is a problem?
A discrepancy between one’s current state of affairs or situation and one’s goal.
What is a solution?
An individualistic coping resource designed to change a problem situation or one's reaction to it or both
What are the three criteria effective solutions must meet?
- solve targeted problem
- maximize positive consequences
- minimize negative consequences
What are the five components of social problem solving?
- problem orientation
- problem definition and formulation
- generation of alternatives
- decision making
- solution implementation and verification
What clinical skills do you need to conduct a psychological assessment?
1. Gathering relevant data
2. Integrating information into an explanatory case report
What is the primary tool of assessment?
The clinical interview
Give three examples of the "who" questions.
- Who is the client?
- Who is requesting the information (referral)?
- Who is paying for the evaluation
Give three examples of the "what" questions.
- What is the goal of assessment?
- What is the chief complaint of the client?
- What are the reasons of referral?
Give three examples of the "when" questions.
- When did the problem begin?
- When is the situation most problematic?
- When was the referral made and how long did it take for the client to follow through?
Give three examples of the "where" questions.
- Where the chief complaint or problem and the setting in which the evaluation take place?
- Where does the problem occur?
- Where will the patient be seen?
Give two examples of the "why" questions.
- Why is the client seeking a consultation, evaluation, or treatment now?
- Why is the client seeking the services of a mental health professional?
Give three examples of the "how" questions.
- How can you help the client?
- How much information does the client expect you to have about him or her?
- How much information does the referral source want back from you?
What do you need to obtain for any information from the client and any other parties?
- informed consent
- release forms
What do psychologists usually include in initial interviews/intakes/comprehensive assessments?
- Background history
- Current mental status
- Summaries of objective and subjective testing
- DSM-IV diagnosis
- Clinical impressions
- recommendations
What should precede any formal testing procedure?
The interview.
Why is interviewing important before testing?
- help figure out a structure
- develop positive rapport
- reveal new information not obtained earlier
- help the therapist to better understand the client
- determine specifics of assessment
What should you do during the assessment?
- Determine the general goal (diagnosis, description, prediction, etc.) of the intake evaluation
- Decide the format of the interview
- State the way you (the clinician) would like to be addressed, explain treatment, etc.; conduct introductions
- Obtain consent/confidentiality agreements
What are the limits of confidentiality and release information?
- Records (student academic records, patient’s medical record, etc.)
- Forensic evaluations
- Insurance companies
- Assure clients of their rights and protections within the professional relationship
- Present additional consent forms
What are the three types of questions that can be asked during interviews?
- close ended
- multiple choice
- open ended
List three characteristics of a close ended question.
- restrictive in information requested and obtained
- increase chance many questions can be asked in a shorter period of time
- can make clients feel rushed, surveyed, or misunderstood
List three characteristics of a multiple choice question.
- has designated appropriate responses available to the person being questioned
- can force responses into predetermined categories
- Least desirable as part of most interviews
List three characteristics of an open ended question.
- allows clients to speak freely
- conversational interviewing style
- can cause the interview to lose focus
What can be used to keep the interview going?
- prompts
- reflective statements
- summary statements
- transitions
What is the criteria for delivering a written report?
- another treating non-psychologist professional who requested the assessment
- The client or client’s parents
- The clinician’s own records
- another psychologist/mental health professional who does not conduct the type of assessment required for the client
List aspects of verbal feedback.
- Explain to patients how diagnostic/clinical impressions were formed, what recommendations were made, and why
- use concrete and simple language
- be available for questions
- maintain role of evaluator
- may need to communicate verbally with professionals before they get a written report
What is an obstacle?
An obstacle arises when there is a discrepancy between what is and what one would like a situation to be.