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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any body part attahched to a main structure
appendage
place of union between two or more bones; aka a joint
articulation
inflammation of a joint; usually accompanied by pain, swelling, and, commonly, changes in structure
arthritis
ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles
cruciate ligaments
production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
hematopoisis
an opening or passage through any part of the body
meatus
composed of contractile cells or fibers that provide movement of an organ or body part
muscle tissue
stiffness; bent, crooked
ankyl/o
hil, mountain
kyph/o
curve, swayback
lord/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
myel/o
straight
orth/o
crooked, bent
scoli/o
acromion (projection of scapula)
acromi/o
arm
bronchi/o
calcaneum (heel bone)
calcane/o
carpus (wrist bone)
carp/o
head
cephal/o
ribs
cost/o
cranium (skull)
crani/o
prolapse, downward displacement
-ptosis
fingers, toes
dactyl/o
femur (thigh bone)
femor/o
ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
ischi/o
loins (lower back)
lumb/o
foot
pod/o
pelvis bone (anterior part of pelvic bone)
pub/o
vertebrae (backbone)
spondyl/o ; vertebr/o
smooth muscle (visceral)
leiomy/o
muscle
muscul/o ; my/o
rod-shaped (striated)
rhabd/o
rod-shaped (striated) muscle
rhabdomy/o
cartilage
chondr/o
resembling
-oid
band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscle)
fasci/o
synovial membrane, synovial fluid
synov/o
tendon
ten/o ; tend/o ; tendlin/o
weakness, debility
-asthenia
to break; surgical fracture
-clasia ; -clast
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-desis
growth
-physis
stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery, or abnormal bone fusion
ankylosis
lameness, limping
claudication
dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction
crepitation
increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms
exacerbation
loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching
hypotonia
bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal cord
osteophyte
replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity
prosthesis
form of osteomalacia in shildren caused by vitamin D deficiency; causes bowed legs
rickets, rachitis
fragment of necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue
sequestrum
any foward slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra over the one below it
spondylolisthesis
degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues
spondylosis
tearing of a ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete
sprain
to exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular
strain
partial or incomplete dislocation
subluxation
puncture of a joint space to remove accumulated fluid
arthrocentesis
visual examination of a joint, especially the knee; used primarily to detect trauma or lesions and to obtain a biopsy of synovial tissue for microscopic examination
arthroscopy
excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra
laminectomy
treats and prevents hypocalcemia
calcium
treat rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting activity within the immune system
gold salts
relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation (1)
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory druge (NSAIDs)
relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation (2)
salicylates
relieve muscle spasms and stiffness
skeletal muscle relaxants
HNP
herniated nucleus pulposus (herniated disk)
DJD
degenerative joint disease
RA
rheumatoid arthritis