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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The recognized violation of cultural norms
Deviance
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law
Crime
Attempts by society to regulate people's throught and behavior
Social control
A formal response by police, courts, and prison officals to alleged violations of the law
Criminal justice system
The assertion that deviance and comformity result not so much from what people do as from how others respond to those actions
Labeling theory
A powerfully negative label that greatly changes a person's self-concept and social identity
Stigma
The transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical condition
Medicalization of deviance
Crime committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupation
White-collar crime
The illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on its behalf
Corporate crime
A business supplying illegal goods or service
Organized crime
A criminal act against a person or a person's property by an offender motivated by racial or other bias
Hate crime
(violent crimes) crimes that direct violence or the threat of violence against others
Crimes against the person
(property crimes) crimes that involve theft of property belonging to others
Crimes against property
Violations of law in which there are no readily apparent victims
Victimless crimes
A legal negotiation in which prosecutor reduces a charge in exchange for a defendant's guilty plea
Plea bargaining
An act of moral vengeance by which society inflicts on the offender suffering comparable to that caused by the offense
Retribution
The attempt to discourage criminality through punishment
Deterrence
A program for refgorming the offender to prevent subsequent offenses
Rehabilitation
A means by which society renders an offender incapable of further offenses temporarily through incarceration or permanently by execution
Societal protection
Subsequent offenses by people previously convicted of crimes
Criminal recidivism
Correctional programs located within society at large rather than behind prison walls
Community-based corrections