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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Old Immigration
-Brought in Europeans familiar with the culture
-Highly Skilled
-Better jobs, invloved in politics
-Pre 1880
New Immigration
-Early 1900s
-Don't assimilate well with American culture
-Looked down upon
-Illiterate
Polish Immigrants
-1850
-Illiterate
-Took jobs in stockyards, steel mills, factories
-Subject of discrimination
-Functioned like a serf society
Polish Catholic Church
-Most vital Polish institution
-Provided cultural activities
-Helped them gain independence from RCC
-Was their way to keep their identity
Mundelein
-German American who was an archbishop
-Put Polish priests in non-Polish institutions (Poles resisted his changes)
Italian Immigrants
-Came to Chicago in large numbers
-Poor, and illiterate
-Planned only temporary stays
-Worked for/through the padrone
Padrone
-Italian labor broker who spoke English
-Negotiated wages and found Italians work
Campanilisimo
Entire villages immigrating at one time and staying together
Contadini
Means that you prefer to work indoors (like the steel mills)
Eastern European Jews
- Came from Austria-Hungary, Russia and Poland
- Lived in cheap, crowded, dangerous homes
- Not as assimilated as German Jews
- Most spoke Yiddush
Maxwell Street
- Heart of Jewish neighborhood
- People from all over went to go shop/ sell
German Jews
- Much more assimilated with the American culture
- Wanted to assimilate fellow Jews
- Started reform Judaism
Greek Town
- Tightly knit community
- Greek men offered own establishments there
- Made it hard for Greeks to work with others
Czech Immigrants
- Came in the 1850s
- Enjoyed politcal and economical success
- 98% were literate
- Tightly knit, yet established with other groups
Scandinavian Immigrants
- Ahead of other ethnic groups
- Previously had built buildings
- Able to extend community