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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Old Immigration
-Brought in Europeans familiar with the culture
-Highly Skilled
-Better jobs, invloved in politics
-Pre 1880
New Immigration
-Early 1900s
-Don't assimilate well with American culture
-Looked down upon
Polish Immigrants
-Took jobs in stockyards, steel mills, factories
-Subject of discrimination
-Functioned like a serf society
Polish Catholic Church
-Most vital Polish institution
-Provided cultural activities
-Helped them gain independence from RCC
-Was their way to keep their identity
-German American who was an archbishop
-Put Polish priests in non-Polish institutions (Poles resisted his changes)
Italian Immigrants
-Came to Chicago in large numbers
-Poor, and illiterate
-Planned only temporary stays
-Worked for/through the padrone
-Italian labor broker who spoke English
-Negotiated wages and found Italians work
Entire villages immigrating at one time and staying together
Means that you prefer to work indoors (like the steel mills)
Eastern European Jews
- Came from Austria-Hungary, Russia and Poland
- Lived in cheap, crowded, dangerous homes
- Not as assimilated as German Jews
- Most spoke Yiddush
Maxwell Street
- Heart of Jewish neighborhood
- People from all over went to go shop/ sell
German Jews
- Much more assimilated with the American culture
- Wanted to assimilate fellow Jews
- Started reform Judaism
Greek Town
- Tightly knit community
- Greek men offered own establishments there
- Made it hard for Greeks to work with others
Czech Immigrants
- Came in the 1850s
- Enjoyed politcal and economical success
- 98% were literate
- Tightly knit, yet established with other groups
Scandinavian Immigrants
- Ahead of other ethnic groups
- Previously had built buildings
- Able to extend community