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47 Cards in this Set

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How did George Washington help the Patriots in the American Revolution?
He organized and commanded the Continental Army.
How is the following an example of a strategy?
The British plan to cut off New England from the other states.
The following is true about Americans' support for the Revolutionary War?
Most Americans did not support the war
An example of a rendezvous planned during the Revolution was
a meeting of three British armies at Albany, New York.
The turning point of the American Revolution was
the defeat of the British army at the Battles of Saratoga.
The following is true of guerrillas in the American Revolution?
They were small bands of fighters who made hit-and-run attack.
The following is true of guerrillas in the American Revolution?
Both sides used guerrillas during the Revolution.
The following is true of guerrillas in the American Revolution?
One guerrilla band had a leader who was called the Swamp Fox.
The British army whose surrender signaled Great Britain's defeat in the American Revolution was led by
Lord Cornwallis.
The fighting that marked Great Britain's defeat in the Revolution was named the
Battle of Yorktown.
A person who is opposed to war is called a
pacifist
During the Revolution, the American army was aided by large numbers of
African Americans, state militia members, and French soldiers.
Why did African Americans fight for the British during the Revolution?
The British promised enslaved African Americans their freedom in return for their support.
At the outbreak of the American Revolution, most Americans were
against a war with Great Britain.
The following was a result of the Battle of Saratoga.
Spain and France agreed to openly aid the Americans.
The following was a result of the Battle of Saratoga.
The Continental Army achieved a great victory.
The following was a result of the Battle of Saratoga.
The British were prevented from gaining control of the Hudson River Valley in New York.
The challenges that Washington faced as Commander of the Continental Army included
avoiding a major defeat until his army was large enough, trained, and equipped to face the professional British troops.
The challenges that Washington faced as Commander of the Continental Army included
fighting with an army of volunteers who often went home when their time of service was up.
The challenges that Washington faced as Commander of the Continental Army included
seldom having enough equipment and supplies for his troops.
That which is true about the pamphlet The American Crisis?
It was writen when the British were winining the war.
That which is true about the pamphlet The American Crisis?
It criticized American soldiers who quit in hard times as not being true patriots.
That which is true about the pamphlet The American Crisis?
It urged Americans to continue fighting for independence.
Why was the naval victory of John Paul Jones important?
It lifted Patriot spirits.
Why did the British decide to invade the South after the Batles of Saratoga?
They thought that the Loyalists were strongest in the South.
What change occured in the United States as a result of independence?
States granted more religious fredom.
He helped Patriots by capturing British strongholds in the lower Mississippi River Valley and in West Florida
Bernardo de Galvez
He went to France to persuade the French to help Americans gain their independence.
Benjamin Franklin
He served in Washington's army and helped convince France to send an army to help the Americans.
Marquis de Lafayette
He believed so strongly in independence that he abandoned his pacifist religious beliefs to become one of Washington's best generals.
Nathanael Greene
He secured the region west of the Appalachian Mountains for the United States.
George Rogers Clark
His surrender caused the British to give up the war and accept American independence.
Lord Cornwallis
lifted American spirits by winning an important naval victory over stronger British forces
John Paul Jones
New York merchant and banker who loaned the Patriots more than $600,000 of his own money
Haym Salomon
trained Washington's soldiers and helped turn them into an effective fighting force
Baron von Steuben
Mohawk chief who convinced many Iroquois to fight for the British
Joseph Brant
enslaved African American who sued and won freedom in a Massachusetts court
Elizabeth Freeman
wrote a pamphlet that urged discouraged Patriot soldiers to keep on fighting for independence
Thomas Paine
The American who obtained French help for the Patriots' cause was
Benjamin Franklin.
That which was a difficulty faced by General Washington.
turning his volunteer fighters into well-trained soldiers
That which was a difficulty faced by General Washington.
preventing his troops from deserting during hard times
That which was a difficulty faced by General Washington.
keeping his troops supplied with food and clothing
General Washington's Continental Army included thousands of
African Americans.
The most important way in which women helped the Patriot cause was by
cooking for the soldiers and providing care to the sick and wounded.
That which resulted from the battles near Saratoga, New York.
France recognized U.S. independence and allied with the United States.
When the Revolution started, most Americans did not support it because
Loyalists and neutral Americans outnumbered the Patriots.
Why were George Rogers Clark's victories important?
They gave the United States claim to land west of the Appalachians.