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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a category of people who share similar opportunities, similar economic and vocational positions, similar lifestyles, and similar attitudes and behaviors.
Social class
A system of stratification that includes several different social classes and permits social mobility
Class system of stratification
A U.S. social class characterized by corporate ownership, elite schools, upper-echelon politics, and a higher education.

Religion -
Population -
Upper class

Historically Episcopalian or Presbyterian

1% - 3% of the United States
A U.S. social class characterized by unskilled labor, little interest in education, grade school completion, service work and farm labor.

Religion -
Population -
Lower class

fundamentalist or revivalist

15% - 20%
A U.S. social class characterized by professional and technical occupations and college and graduate school training.

Religion -
Population -
Upper-middle class

Presbyterians, Episcopalians, Congregationalist, Jews and Unitarian Universities

10% - 15%
The theory stating that in order to attract talented individuals to each occupation society must set up a system of differential rewards
Functionalist theory
The phrase referring to the disproportionate concentraion of poverty among female-headed households
Feminization of poverty
The U.S. governments specification of income levels below which people are considered to be living poverty
Poverty index
Income as a percentage of the nation's total income earned within any given year
Income distribution
The condition in which people do not have enough money to maintain a standard of living that includes the basic necessities of life
Assumes that society is in a constant state of social conflict, with only temporary periods of stability
Conflict theory
A U.S. social class made up of skilled and semiskilled laborers.
Religion -
Population -
Working class

less likely to be patriarchal with sharpely segregated sex role. strewss obedience and respect for elders. many have not finished high school

25% - 30% of the U.S. population
Most people in the United States think they are part of this class
Middle Class
A group that has seen their poverty level drop dramatically in the past few decades
A group that has seen their poverty level increase in the past few decades
The young
Developed the functionalist theory of social stratification
Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore
A conflict theorist who developed a critique of capitalists society and assumed there would be a transition to socialism
Karl Marx
Proposed that social stratification happens on the basis of class,status and power
Max Weber
Suggested that functionalist and conflict theories of social statification are really complementary rather than opposed
Ralf Dahrendorf