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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
To _____________ means to organize things into _____________.
classify
groups
The groups are based on the ways in which things are ______________
similar
The science of classifying living things is called
Taxomy
Aritototle began his systme of taxonomy by diviiding things into two lare
kingdoms
Organisms can have several common or popular __________
Name
It might be hard to identify an ___________________ if is has several names.To aviod this problem scientists use a systme that gives all organisims a
Organism
Scientific Name
For example the ____________ ________________ for lion is Panthera Leo.
scientific name
________________ us tge genus name for large cats, and lions belong to the speicies __________________.
Panthera
Leo
The language for naming organisms is ____________
Latin
The systme for giving organisms a scientific name was first devolped by
Carolus Lineaus
His two-word naming system is called
Biuonomial nomenclature
The first part of the name is the _________________ it is always captilized.
genius
The last part of the name is the _________________. It starts with a small letter
species
The kingdom _______________ is made up of bacteria and cyanobacteria, single-celled plantlke organism.
Monera
The ______________ of an organism is its evolutionary history.
phyogeny
Monerans are called _____________ because they do not have an organized nuclues
prokaryotes
A characteristic of the members of the plant kingdom is
They can make their own food
Can there be more than one species in a genus
yes
The word eukaryote means
True kernal
The first characteristic to consider when classifying an organism by kindgon is whether or not the cells have a
nucleus
An orgainsim evolutionary history
phylogeny
Names a specific organism
species
classification that divides a phylum
orger
created a system to classify organisms
linnaeus
before nucleus
prokaryote
a group within a family
genus
The tow-word naming system binomial
nomenclature
replaces phylum in the plant kingdom
division
classification that divides orders
family
Who was the 1st person to classify taxonomy
aristotle
Who made our modern system to classify organisms based on similarities.
Carolus Linnaeus
Linaeus
classified based on body structures; systmes, size, shape, color and methods of obtaining foods
Kingdom Monera
is made up of one celled organisnms that are simple structures
What was Linnaeus job?
Swedish physician and naturalist
Bionomial means what
Two names
Prokaryotes
before kernal
Eukaryote
true kernal
The Five Animal Kingdoms
Animal; Plant; Fungi; Protist; and Monera
The largest group within a kingdom is
phylum
A genus can have one or more species
yes
The four basic functions of scientific names
help life scientists avoid erros in communication

organism with similar evolutionary hisory are classified together

fives descriptive information about the species

allow information to be organized and four easily
Dichotomous Keys
Scientific Names are used in guids to organisms