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51 Cards in this Set

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Unicameral
term describing only a one-house legislator
Bicameral
term describing a legislator with 2 houses of or chambers
Regular session
a session of the texas legislature that begins on the second Tuesday in January of odd-numbered years and last for a maximum of 140 days
Special session
– a legislative session called by the governor and limited to not more than 30 days and the governor states what will worked on
Redistricting
redrawing of boundries following the federal decennial census to create districts with approximately equal population
Gerrymandering
drawing the boundries of a district to exclude certain groups of voters and thus affecting election outcomes
single-member district
an area that elects only one representative to serve on a policymaking body
Multimember district
– a district in which all voters participate in the election of two or more representatives to a policymaking body,
simple resolution
– a resolution that requires action by one legislative chamber only and not is not acted on by the governor
Concurrent resolution
a resolution adopted by house and senate majorities and the approved by the governor
joint resolution
must pass by a majority vote in each house when used to memorialize the U.S. Congress or to ratify an amendment to the U.S. constitution . As a proposal for an amendment to the texas Constitution , a joint resolution requires a two thirds majority vote in each house
Bill
a proposed law or statute
Senatorial courtesy
before making an appointment, the governor is expected to obtain approval from the state senator in whose district the prospective appointee resides; failure to obtain such approval will cause the Senate to “ bust” the apppointee
Impeachment
process in which the Texas House of Representatives, by a simple majority vote initiates actions leading to possible removal of certain judicial and executive offices
President of the Senate
Title of the lieutenant governor in his/her role as presiding officer for the Texas Senate
Speaker of the House
the state representative elected by House members to serve as the presiding officer for that chamber
Procedural committee
These house committees consider bills and resolutions relating primarily to the internal legislative matters
select committee
created independently by the speaker, a select committee may work on emergency legislation early in a session before substantive committees are appointed
Standing committ
– A senate committee appointed by the lieutenant governor for the purpose of considering proposed bills and resolutions prior to possible floor debate and voting senators
Special interim committee
– a senate committee appointed by the lieutenant governor to study an important policy issue between regular sessions
Legislative caucus
an organization of legislators who seek to maximize their influence over issues in which they have a common interest
Parliamentarian
an expert on rules of order who sits at the left of the presiding officer in the House or Senate and is ever ready to give advice on procedural questions
companion bill
filed in one house but identical or similar to a bill filed in the other chamber, a companion bill speeds passage because committee consideration may take place simultaneously in both houses
Ghost voting
a prohibited practice whereby one representative presses the voting button of another House member who is absent
chubbing
a practice whereby supporters of a bill engage in lengthy debate for the purpose of using time and thus prevent floor action on another bill that they oppose
two-thirds rule
a procedural device to control bringing bills to the Senate floor for debate
Filibustering
a delaying tactic whereby a senator may speak, and thus hold the Senate floor as long as physical endurance permits
Conference committee
a committee of representatives and senators appointed to reach agreement on a disputed bill and recommend changes acceptable to both houses
Rick Perry
is the current governor of Texas
1948 Constitutional Amendment
designed to pressure the legislature to redistrict the counties during the first regular session following a decennial census
Legislative Redistricting Board
this board consists of 5 members who hold other offices they are lieutenant governor, speaker of the House of Representatives, attorney general, comptroller of public accounts, and commissioner of the general land offices the board must meet within 90 days after the legislative session and redistrict the state within another 60 days
Reynolds v. Sims
was a Supreme Court case that “the seats in both houses of a bicameral state legislature must be apportioned on a population basis.”
Kilgarlin v. Martin
this “one person one vote” principal was applied first in Texas by a federal district court
State Board of Education (SBOE)
are responsible for districting to make the numbers of people in each district equal
Special sessions
is called by the governor it can only last about 30 day where the governer decides on what will be worked on
IRS pay schedule
this is the per diem allowance is to cover meals, lodging, and other personal expenses, was 128$ for senators representatives and the lieutenant governor
Contingency expense allowance
this is the money that the representatives use for the cost of traveling, postage, office operations, & staff salaries the amount is $11,250
Retirement pension [254] legislators contribute 8% of their salaries into a retirement fund they get 2.3% of a district Judge annual salary which is 125,000 in 1991 a unpublicized bill was put into the states employee benefits bill is was that legislators with 12 years of service may retire at 50 and those with 8 years can retire at the age of 60
Membership Qualifications
must be a citizen of the US, qualified texas voter, and a resident of the district that they wish to represent of one year immediately preceding a general election House must live in texas for 2years they must be 21 while a Senate must live in Texas for 5years and be at least 26
Membership Characteristics
they are Anglo Protestant male between the ages of 35- 50 born in Texas an attorney or a businessperson and has served one or more previous terms in office
Membership Education
most if not all have been to one or more school for higher education, most have a bachelor’s degree and many had graduate degree or professional degree( mainly in law)
Membership Religious affiliation
even though there is a separation between church and state that they some times have to bring in their own religious beliefs to make some decisions on some bills and other things that come up
H.R. or S.R.- actions
only goes to one house only it requires a simple majority of those who are present and is not sent to the governor . matters usually delt with are rules of the House and The Senate , procedures for House and Senate operation , and invitations extended to nonmembers to address the chamber
H.C.R. or S.C.R. – actions
these actions are sent to the governor where he can sign it or veto it, typical examples of these are resolutions requesting action by the U.S. Congress, demanding information from state agencies, establishing joint study committees composed of senators and representatives , or granting permission to sue the state
H.J.r or S.J.R – actions
these actions require approval by both houses but no action by the governor its determined by a simple majority 2/3’s vote and these are usually proposed amendments to the Texas Constitution
H.B. or S. B. – actions
they have 3 categories : local, general special ::to become a bill it must pass both the House and the Senate with a Simple 2/3’s Majority vote to pass an emergency measure that will take effect as soon as the governor signs it
Power of president of the TX Senate
Appoints all senate committee chairs and vice chairs
Appoints senate committee and standing subcommittee members
Determines the senate committee to which a bill will be sent after introduction
Recongnizes senators who wish to speak on the senate floor or to make a motion
Power of the speaker of the TX House
Appoints all chairs and vice-chairs of House substantive andprocedural committee
Appoints all members of House procedural committees
Appoints House substantive committee members within limitations of the seniority rule
Recognizes members who wish to speak on the House floor or to make a motion
Assigns bills and resolutions to House committees
Gib Lewis
these men held the office of speaker of the House (1983-1993)
Bill Hobby
lieutenant governor (1973-1991)
House Democratic Caucus
was organized in 1981 with 31 members in recent years all democratic legislators have been reported as belonging to their party’s House or Senate Caucus
House Republican Caucus
under the leadership of Tom Craddick, the House Republican Caucus was organized at the beginning of the 71st regular session in 1989.
Ideological caucuses [272] organized in 1985 the TX conservative coalition composed both of Republican and Conservative Democrats it was organized due to the increase # of elected Republican legislators in the early 1980’