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80 Cards in this Set

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testis, or testicle
primary male sex organs, paired, oval-shaped, & enclosed in a sac called the scrotum. Produces sperm and hormone testosterone
sperm (spermatozoon, pl. spermatosoa)
microscopic male germ cell, which, when united w the ovum, produces a zygote, that w/subsequent development become an embryo
testosterone
the principal male sex hormone; chief function is to stimulate the developmt of the male repro organs & secondary sex charac. such as facial hair
seminiferous tubules
up to 900 coiled tubes within the testes in which spermatogenesis occurs
epididymis
a coiled 20-ft tube atop each of the testes that carries the mature sperm up to the vas deferens
vas deferens, ductus deferens, or seminal duct
duct carrying the sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
seminal vesicles
two main glands located at the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens. they secrete a thick fluid, which forms part of the semen
prostate gland
encircles the upper end of the urethra; secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm and ejaculation
scrotum
sac suspended on both sides of and just behind the penis; the testes are enclosed in the scrotum
penis
male organ of urination and copulation
glans penis
enlarged tip on the end of the penis
prepuce
fold of skin near the tip of the penis (foreskin of the penis)
semen
composed of sperm, seminal fluids, and other secretions
genitalia (genitals)
reproductive organs (male or female)
anorchism
state of absence of testis (unilateral or bilateral)
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
balanorrhea
excessive discharge from the glans penis
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland (nonmalignant enclargement of the prostate gland)
cryptorchidism
state of hidden testes
epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymis
orchiepididymitis
inflammation of the testis and epididymis
orchitis, orchiditis, or testitis
inflammation of the testis or testicle
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland
prostatocystitis
inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder
prostatolith
stone in the prostate gland
prostatorrhea
excessive dishcarge from the prostate gland
prostatovesiculitis
inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
erectile dysfunction
the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient toperform sexual intercourse (formerly called impotence)
hydrocele
scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid
phimosis
a tightness of the prepuce that prevents its retraction over the glans
priapism
persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness
prostate cancer
cancer of the prostate gland
testicular carcinoma
cancer of the testicle
testicular torsion
twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis; occurs most often during puberty
variocele
enlarged veins of the spermatic cord
balanoplasty
surgical repair of the glans penis
epididymectomy
excision of an epididymis
orchidectomy, orchiectomy
excision of the testis (bilateral orchidectomy also is called castration)
orchidopexy, orchiopexy
surgical fixation of a testicle (performed to bring undescended testicle(s) into the scrotum)
orchidotomy, orchiotomy
incision into a testis
orchioplasty
surgical repair of a testis
prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland
prostatocystotomy
incision into the prostate gland and bladder
prostatolithotomy
incision into the prostate gland to remove a stone
prostatovesiculectomy
excision of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
vasectomy
excision of a duct (partial excision of the vas deferens bilaterally, resulting in male sterilization)
vasovasostomy
creation of artificial openings between ducts (an attempt to restore fertility in men who've had a vasectomy)
vesiculectomy
excision of the seminal vesicle
circumcision
surgical removal of the prepuce
hydrocelectomy
surgical removal of a hydrocele
penile implant
surgical implantation of a penile prosthesis to correct erectile dysfunction
suprapupic prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone
transurethral incision of the prostate gland (TUIP
a surgical procedure that widens the urethra by making a few small incisions in the bladder neck and the prostate gland; no prostate tissue is removed
transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT)
a tx that eliminates excess cells present in BPH by using heat generated by microwave
transrectal ultrasound
an ultrasound procedure used to dx prostate cncer;
prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood
digital rectal examination (DRE)
a physical examination in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the size & shape of the prostate gland thru rectal wall
andropathy
diseases of the male (that is, peculiar to the male, such as testitis)
oligospermia
condition of scanty sperm (in the semen)
spermatolysis
dissolution (destruction) of sperm
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
a disease that affacts the body's immune system, transmitted by exchange of body fluid during sexual act, reuse of cont.needles, cont. bld etc
artificial insemination
introduction of semen into the vagina by artifical means
chlamydia
a sexually transmitted disease, the silent std. C. trachomatis
coitus
sexual intercourse between male and female (copulation)
condom
cover for the penis worn during coitus
ejaculation
ejection of semen from the male urethra
genital herpes
sexually transmitted disease
gonads
male and female sex glands
gonorrhea
contagious, inflammatory sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genitouinary system
heterosexual
person who is attracted to a member of the opposite sex
homosexual
person who is attracted to a member of the same sex
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS. HIV infects t-helper cells of the immune system...
human papilloma virus
a prevalent sexually transmitted disease causing benign or cancerous growths in male and female genitals (venereal warts)
orgasm
climax of sexual stimulation
prosthesis
an artificial replacement of an absent body part
puberty
period when secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to reproduce sexually begins
sexually transmitted disease (STD)
diseases, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and genital herpes, transmitted during sexual contact
sterilization
process that renders an individual unable to produce offspring
syphilis
infectios sexually transmitted disease having lesions that can affect any organ or tissue;
trichomoniasis
an STD caused by a one-cell organism, trichomonas. it affects genitourinary tract