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17 Cards in this Set

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What is a segment of DNA that transmits information from parent to offspring?
Gene
What is a rod-shaped structure that forms when a single DNA molecule and its associated proteins coil tightly befoe cell division?
Chromosomes
What are these two copies called after they conensed prior to cell division?
Chromatids
What is the point called where a2 chromatids meet at?
Centromere
(The point that connects the Chromatids)
The human cell has 23 pairs of chromosomes, what are the pairs called?
Homologous Chromosomes
What is the point called where a2 chromatids meet at?
Centromere
(The point that connects the Chromatids)
What is a rod-shaped structure that forms when a single DNA molecule and its associated proteins coil tightly befoe cell division?
Chromosomes
What is a segment of DNA that transmits information from parent to offspring?
Gene
What is a segment of DNA that transmits information from parent to offspring?
Gene
What is a rod-shaped structure that forms when a single DNA molecule and its associated protens coil tightly before cell division?
Chromosomes
When a chromosome makes a copy of itself, what is that copy called?
Chromatids
What is the point called where the chromatids meet at?
Centromere
The human cell has 23 copies of chromosomes, what are those copies called?
Homologous Chromosomes
When a cell contains two homologues of each chromosome, it is termed WHAT?
Diploid
What is the name for a sprem and egg cell?
Gametes
What kind of cell contains only one homologue of each chromosome.
Haploid
What is the first stage of human development?
Zygote